2013 Mobile Learning in Medical Education – Part 1

candle and I guess the important thing to say about that is that we need to not feel threatened by this and actually embrace it and join in the conversation and I'm just going to move on to if people have questions we'll just keep them to the end and all the all the speakers will remain in a panel and I'm going to move on to the second speaker before i do that i should say i meant to say at the start not to turn off your mobile phones but put them on silent please use them for tweeting etc obviously and this particularly in this session and so the second speaker is steven afternoon who's the national development executive for the higher education division at Apple Australia and he's going to talk about toys like this and how they integrate with things and and say take it from there just welcome Stephen thank you could switch over to mine thank you Kendall Wow and so it's almost as though they planned these sessions isn't it because that's a very natural segue into what I'll be talking about which is basically mobile learning em learning so we've gone from em health to him learning and there's certainly a lot of crossover I've got a lot to talk about so I've put the references to the citations the apps the case studies etc on this very primitive URL which is just a text file I'll throw that up on it up at the at the end I'm very keen on looking at educational technology in an historical perspective and I think we can really analyze the trends that have occurred over time ranging from the mainframe computer and the researcher came from touareg and in cryptology from World War two and so on to where we are now Kendall spoke about mobility it's interesting to note that there was a prediction about a year ago that the middle of next year there would be an overtaking of access to the Internet not anymore from desktops and by the way desktops include notebook computers but mobile phones because there are now about five billion on this planet well morgan stanley research got it wrong that happened about four months ago so most of the access now to the internet is actually via mobile devices and it's really difficult to predict what that may mean in fact Mary O'Hara points out that historically we've got it wrong when we try to predict the future with technology we've overestimated the impact of knology in the short term and just look at the dot-com crash in the long term and underestimated it in the long term now it's interesting to see that number of folks in in various disciplines have looked at educational technology but also technology and health medical observer a month ago ran an article it was it was fine and was quite impressed with it but Walter wrong who wrote orality and literacy the technology zing of the world I think douve deeper and he looked at the impact of Gooden Berg's would work with the printing press he even looked at the work of Plato he looked at Plato's texts Phaedra swear fictitiously Socrates speaks to fire a dress about this new technology that's external of the mind affects memory at writing of course it's ironic that he wrote this text it long then moved on to look at the printing press and the impact that that had 1439 from memory and basically a pile of positives there was access to information for new social classes as long as they could read Latin did information spread very quickly the body of knowledge grew from hundreds to thousands of bodily and library and Oxford just basically exponentially grew social activism and change was triggered by this it's no coincidence at Ben Franklin and Martin Luther were tightly connected to the print industry but let's fast forward about five hundred and thirty-three years to last year the EU ran a report looking at the future of learning and it was interesting to see that this whole concept of personal devices was reflected in their predictions because the three hot topics for them in summary were personalization collaboration and individualization this is what the mobile devices bring to individuals this year our friends from Ernst & Young looked at a paper the future of universities here in Australia and there's a lot of reference to the NBN to access to information and they were very doom and gloom it's interesting they note here in the heading that a thousand year old institution under threat mcfist said its troops it's a 1500 there are very few institutions that haven't changed great deal in form and function there's the bank of Siena that's in strife there's a Catholic Church we won't go there there's a couple of Parliament's and there's universities I actually think these guys are overreacting and it perhaps it's no coincidence they have consultants that deal with the higher education market so perhaps they're just generating their own work but one outfit that I think is done a good job of predicting where educational technology is going is the New Media Consortium nmc since 2010 they've been doing the horizon report in Australia and New Zealand and for longer in other geographies they use a delphi research methodology where 42 odd folks got together for the last Ozzie paper they analyzed the the research they predict where things are going these are folks like deputy Vice Chancellors learning from around the different universities it's interesting to compare the trends in english-speaking University turf to see if there's any commonality in the horizon reports and there are cloud computing seeing obscene as in the near future is being hugely important and now mobile apps and tablets and certainly if we look at industry various industries we're already there ranging from i noticed when i was on an american airlines flight recently no longer the big briefcase being carried by the pilot but an ipad with procedure manuals and log books and so on on that iPad and certainly in the health sciences this is where we are getting and particularly in education I think if we focus too much on the technology itself will ignore education and that's something that died lorillard previous pro-vice-chancellor technology at Open University mentioned in her book this year teaching as a design science now a number of folks have analyzed student learning including tertiary student learning including your medical students learning John had he is professor of education at Melbourne University when he was at Adelaide he released this text visible learning a meta-analysis of over 800 papers in the turf basically looking at what it takes to get student achievement increased and it was about changing pedagogy essentially it was about getting involved in active learning being involved with the student acting as mentor to the student there's nothing new about this i didn't need Hattie to tell me this my hero is William Osler founder of modern medicine and way back in the early 1900s when presenting to medical and nursing students at Oxford having set up the Johns Hopkins he pointed out that the teacher must really become the student not everything he said was all that wise I blame him for example for poor bedside manner in some of the professions and I'm kind of guessing that perhaps his comment as part of orthopaedic training because I particularly see at them but if we look at collaboration and how these mobile devices work we've seen some interesting trends and medical schools around the world where collaboration has taken outside of the ward and yes where we've seen the devices actually become just another tool and of course that's evolved somewhat with the release of this smaller unit where not only it appeals to the hip pocket but the white coat pocket a number of med schools are running with these sorts of technologies this is just an illustration of some of them popping up I'm going to talk about a few of them some of them are just running trials some like Harvard and and Liverpool and leads are giving every student one of these devices why are they doing that I think it makes sense to actually hear from Manchester themselves to get an understanding of why we could have chosen any particular type of tablet computer that we've chosen the iPad because it's got the biggest educational advantages to us all in particular the wealth of apps that it has is unbelievable and I've come back to that in just a minute so what are the advantages of having a computer that you can carry around with you for the type of education that you have or for three years you're away from the main university campus you don't have access to any of the main facilities the new Alan Gilbert's common the library and so on we wanted to give to you something that you could use to keep you in contact with the university but also and something that will give you opportunities to to learn and to carry around information whilst you were away from the University sort of the real educational advantages of the iPad and he goes on to talk with ebooks so if I had to look at another trend that's significant it would be ebooks although I'm disappointed to say that when I went out to the vendor hall none of the publishers that had actually had a listing of both print and eBook version of their text so I think we have a long way to go now I could have paid that guy for free out of my marketing slush fund to say what he said what is the evidence about student usage quick look at students around the globe gives us an idea these are students from Adelaide and they're using all sorts of devices that they're just bringing into campus at a targa University for over a decade they've been measuring student usage of devices and last year they found that ownership of notebooks computers is almost ubiquitous at ninety-eight percent but they asked a much more intelligent question which is do you have a device other than the your notebook that you bring to Dunedin and just expect it to work on the Otago network and basically fifty-three percent of the students did which is still lower than the US where the ecar study last year found that sixty-three percent of students are bringing multiple devices to campus now these are general student cohorts what do they do with these devices the largest study in Australia is the National Student Survey and they found that access to Facebook is usually significative in nikia significant on a daily basis large sample group n equals sixteen thousand every university in the country auckland and 2010 analysed network traffic both wired and wireless to see what students were doing and it was quite an interesting story again it was recreational use now that was to access things like YouTube and and flash movies and so on which of course are being used for educational purposes the web access social networking again ownership of phones by students in Australian universities smartphones in particular very high seventy-seven percent a jump up from forty something percent a year before prediction of being over 90 that's a general student cohort let's drill down to med students well it's interesting to note from Adelaide you versity it's the same number for the national survey that we have essentially seventy-seven percent of students earning smartphones and the growth of tablet devices inc is increasing here at utah's med school survey was run this year let's have a look at some of the findings there they surveyed MBBS students but also biotech nursing and pyramid students and they asked a couple of questions they said different devices how are you using them at least at least once a day well in blue is smartphone and yellow as tablet and green is notebook usage so accessing ebooks tablet devices apps accessing apps obviously tablet are surprised to see here and how about that accessing the learning management system was predominantly a notebook experience for them but when I drill down it seems they're not using a mobile portal to their learning management system or they weren't when this survey was taken and certainly where they are every student at Harvard med schools given an iPad they are accessing the learning management system most of the use though is about email organizer and medical reference for the Harvard students now one institution that's been following mobile learning for at least four years as Abilene Christian in Texas they give every student of device they've published a lot of their research but they make an interesting observation students interact differently with this device a notebook then they do to a tablet device let's hear from grace studying how students access online tools such as blackboard for course content for every hour of the day in a week if you map out how often students access that data on average for 15 weeks in the semester it turns out in a class with laptops on Tuesday Thursday when their classes meet as a lot of use but on the other days of the week not much use in the class where we had all ipads the all the material was online and the textbook was online if you look at that map looks like the students in that class tend to access the course materials throughout the whole week so it's all about the content is the take home from folks like Abilene Christian so I'd like to focus on content apps open educational resources and and also books ebooks so let's start with open education resource this is a big movement if I had to predict an education where ed tech would impact significantly it is on the content oh we are open education resources as a growing move and in fact it relates to open research you may be aware that the Finch report in the UK this year argued that any publicly funded research should be open to the public the Obama administration received a petition as year making the same request this is a huge threat to the publishers but it's a trend that's occurring open educational content is covered by copyright such as creative commons and there's a lot

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