American Staffordshire Terrier Dog History, Personality, Health, Care



the Staffordshire Bull Terrier can be an imposing dog with its strong muscular body intense stare and powerful stance many are interested in the breed because it looks like a tough dog but a surprised to learn that the Stafford is a sensitive and loving companion who enjoys playing more than being tough he sees life as a joyful adventure and lives it to the fullest fans love the Staffordshire Bull Terrier for his small to medium size short easy care coat and dynamic yet gentle personality with his short broad head a muscular body he resembles the other bull breeds such as American Staffordshire Terriers and American Pit Bull Terriers but he is a breed unto himself with distinct physical characteristics that set to him apart including size and ear shape the Stafford is known for his love of people and trustworthy nature he has been described as a sort of everybody's man Friday and his greatest desire is to spend time with his people whether the means begging out on the sofa and watching football running errands in the car going for walks or participating in activities such as agility flyball obedience and therapy work expect to give this athletic and energetic dog a vigorous walk every day as well as plenty of attention during downtime he dislikes being left to his own devices Staffordshire Bull Terriers are not a breed that can be left outside alone or at home for long periods of time without human companionship nicknamed the nanny dog the Stafford is prized for his patience with in love of children although it goes without saying that no dog should ever be left alone with young children or expected to double as a babysitter he is not always so friendly toward dogs he doesn't know however a remnant of his origin as a fighting breed which required him to be aggressive toward other dogs yet gentle with human handlers be aware that some municipalities restrict the ownership of bull breeds be sure that yours is not one of them before acquiring a Stafford for the person who has an understanding of his sensitive nature and can give him patient firm leadership the Stafford is one of the finest dog companions around highlights the SBT should not be left to live outside he's a companion dog and thrives in the presence of his family because he may be aggressive toward unknown dogs a Stafford should never be wart off leash Stafford's are highly intelligent but they are also free thinkers who like to do things their own way they need firm patient consistent training Staffordshire Bull Terriers are energetic dogs who need a vigorous walker play session daily sb teas enjoy their comforts and will readily join you on the sofa or bed if allowed staff have shared little although they may have a heavy shed once a year they require weekly brushing to remove dead hair and keep their coat shiny the Stafford needs early socialization especially if you want him to be friendly toward other animals the SBT is not recommended for a timid or first-time owner this breed needs a confident trainer who is consistent and firm but also loving Stafford's love to chew especially during puppyhood provide them with tough durable toys like all Terriers Stafford's of dick is reinforced the bottom of fences with concrete a chicken wire so they can't dig beneath them Staffordshire Bull Terriers can do well in apartments if they are properly exercised but ideal living quarters include a fenced yard where they can play Staffordshire Bull Terriers do not handle heat very well them need to be monitored on hot days to ensure that they don't overheat Stafford's love children but despite their nickname of nanny dog they should not double as a babysitter always supervise interactions between children and dogs if properly socialized and raised with them Staffordshire Bull Terriers can do well with other dogs in animals it is important to understand some Staffordshire Bull Terriers will never do well with other animals and may need to live in single animal homes Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a strong prey Drive which will send them after small animals around your neighborhood including cats Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a high pain threshold and can become injured without any outward sign such as whining the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a restricted a banned breed in many cities in the number of cities restricting the breed is rising it is important to research your city's dog bylaws to avoid the unnecessary seizure and destruction of your dog Staffordshire Bull Terriers are extremely malleus puppies and can be destructive if not closely supervised Staffordshire Bull Terriers are protective of family members but they are not too concerned about property they are more likely to welcome burglars than to guard the silver never buy a stafford from a puppy mill a pet store or a breeder who doesn't provide health clearances or guarantees look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic disease is that they might pass on to the puppies and he breeds for sound temperaments history the Staffordshire Bull Terrier shares a common ancestor the Bulldog with the American Staffordshire Terrier the American Pit Bull Terrier and the bull terrier it was created in the early 19th century to be smaller and faster in the fighting ring yet gentle and friendly toward people it was probably developed by crossing the bulldog with an ancestor of the Manchester Terrier the cross eventually evolved into the Staffordshire Bull Terrier we see today the first Staffordshire Bull Terrier club was formed in England in 1835 and a breed standard was written shortly thereafter in the United States the Staffordshire Bull Terrier generally enjoyed life as a family companion and it wasn't until 1975 that the breed was recognized by the American Kennel the first Stafford registered with the AKC was named Jenkins would Imperial the Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America was founded in 1974 today the stafford is ranked 85th among the 157 breeds and varieties recognized by the AKC they are excellent dogs who truly embody the description man's best friend and many enthusiasts know that they own one of the best-kept secrets of the dog world size stafford stand 14 to 16 inches of the shoulder with males being taller males Stafford's weigh 28 to 38 pounds females 24 to 34 pounds personality loving toward people from just a few weeks of age a proper stafford is never shyest nalli he is energetic and enthusiastic in everything he does and remains on alert even in repose this breed temperament is described as tough courageous tenacious sweet stubborn and curious a people loving personality makes him a good caretaker of his family but he's less likely to be protective of property because he's so attentive and interested in people however he'll always alert you to the presence of visitors wanted or unwanted temperament is affected by a number of factors including heredity training and socialization puppies with nice temperament secure ears and playful willing to approach people and be held by them choose the middle-of-the-road puppy not the one who's beating up his littermates or the one who's hiding in the corner always meet at least one of the parents usually the mother is the one who's available to ensure that they have nice temperaments that you're comfortable with meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also helpful for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up like every dog a Staffordshire Bull Terrier needs early socialization exposure to many different people sights sounds and experiences when he's young and it should continue throughout his life socialization helps ensure that your Stafford puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start inviting visitors over regularly and taking him to busy parks stores that allow dogs and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills Health Staffordshire Bull Terriers are generally healthy but like all breeds they can be subject to certain health conditions not all s BET's will get any or all of these diseases but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed if you're buying a puppy find a good breeder who will show you health clearance is for both your puppy's parents health clearances prove that a dog's been tested for and cleared of a particular condition in SBTs you should expect to see health clearances on both parents from the orthopedic foundation for animals for hips and elbows and from the canine eye registry foundation certifying that the eyes are healthy because some health problems don't appear until the dog reaches full maturity health clearances aren't issued to dog's younger than two years old look for a breeder who doesn't breed her dogs until they're 2 or 3 years old the following problems may occur in the breed canine hip dysplasia CHD this is a heritable condition in which the thigh bone doesn't fit snugly into the hip joint eventually causing lameness or arthritis x-ray screening for hip dysplasia is done by the orthopedic foundation for animals at the University of Pennsylvania hip Improvement Program penn hip dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred elbow dysplasia this is a heritable condition that is thought to be caused by different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog's elbow causing joint laxity this can lead to painful lameness depending on the severity of the problem your may recommend surgery weight management or medication to control the pain patellar luxation this common problem occurs when the patella which has three parts for femur thigh bone patella kneecap and tibia calf is not properly lined up and often slips out of place causing the dog to skip a hop when it happens it is thought to be hereditary the rubbing caused by patellar luxation can lead to arthritis a degenerative joint disease there are four grades of patellar luxation ranging from grade i've an occasional luxation causing temporary lameness in the joint to grade IV in which the turning of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be realigned manually this gives the dog a bowlegged appearance severe grades of patellar luxation may require surgical repair a rennet read juvenile cataracts the development of opacity a cloudiness in the lens of the eye at an early age this condition progresses rapidly and dogs can be blind by three years of age surgery can sometimes partially restore vision a DNA test is available to identify dogs that are carriers affected or clear of the defective gene l2 hydroxy glute Erica City area affected dogs lack a particular enzyme to break down the aforementioned compound it then builds up in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma causing such signs as lack of coordination muscle tremors poor learning ability and seizures science can be treated but there is no cure dogs with this condition usually euthanized at an early age a DNA test is available to identify dogs that are carriers affected or clear of the defective gene buy only from breeders who use this DNA test to screen their breeding animals skin allergies also known as a topic dermatitis pissah chi scratchy condition is sometimes seen in certain Stafford's it's not unusual for afflicted dogs to suffer hello sir to develop sore spots on their skin the problem is often compounded by bacterial infections aggressive flea control treatment can help as consulting the diet with omega-3 fatty acids such as those found in fish oil demodectic mange all dogs carry demodex mites the mites live in hair follicles and usually don't cause any problems but dogs with weak and a compromised immune systems can develop a condition called demodectic mange also called the mode eco cysts it can be localized or generalized in the localized form patches of red scaly skin with hair loss appears on the head neck and forelegs it's thought of as a puppy disease and often clears up on its own generalized demodectic mange covers the entire body and effects older puppies and young adult dogs the dog develops patchy skin bald spots and skin infections all over the body the American Academy of veterinary dermatology recommends neutering a spaying or dogs that develop generalized demodectic mange because there is a genetic link the good news is that the mic can be passed to humans or other dogs care the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a companion dog who does well in any type of home as long as he gets daily exercise he should live indoors with access to a securely fenced yard like all Terriers Staffordshire diggers so it is important to reinforce fences by embedding them in concrete a burying chicken wire at the bottom to prevent escapes underground electronic fences are not suitable for this breed a Stafford will ignore the shock if he sees another dog approaching his territory and the lack of a solid barrier means that other dogs can enter the yard which can lead to a serious fight his short face makes the Staffordshire Bull Terrier unsuited to staying outdoors for more than a few minutes in a hot a humid climate and he should always have access to shade and fresh drinking water some Stafford's enjoy playing in water and will appreciate having a kiddie pool to lounge in on hot days but others prefer to avoid the wet stuff Stafford's are not good swimmers so take steps to protect them from falling into a swimming pool or spa the Stafford's exercise requirements can be satisfied with two or three half hour to one hour walks of play times daily engage his mind with training sessions of fun activities begin training the day bring your Staffordshire Bull Terrier puppy home he is intelligent and learns quickly but he can be impulsive and stubborn forget strict and formal obedience training for best results be patient firm and consistent to develop the strongest bond with your Stafford always look for behaviors you can reward instead of punishing him for infractions harsh Corrections can damage the dog's self-confidence and personality regular training practice and social interaction will help ensure that you live together happily aboard alone lee stafford is destructive in his attempts to entertain himself a stafford is not generally a barker but he is definitely vocal this breed will entertain you with his snorts snores grunts and groans as well as his singing voice often described as a yodel if you are consistent and follow a schedule house training comes easily to the stafford crate training assists in this process and prevents your SBT puppy from chewing on things he shouldn't or otherwise getting into trouble when you aren't around to supervise a crate also gives him a safe haven where he can retreat when he's feeling overwhelmed attired never use a crate is a place of punishment leash training is also important especially since your Stafford will be a strong puller small size notwithstanding good leash man are essential to the state of your muscles your own happiness and your Stafford safety never woke him off leash any place that he might encounter unknown dogs or other animals he has a strong prey Drive and will give chase if not restrained early frequent socialization is a must for this breed especially if you want your SBT to be friendly toward other animals puppy socialization classes are a great start but socialization shouldn't end there visit many different dog friendly stores parks and events with proper training consistency and socialization your Stafford will be a wonderful family member who protects and loves you unconditionally feeding recommended daily amount one and five-eighths to two and a quarter cups of a high quality dog food daily divided into two meals to avoid gastric dilatation volvulus also known as bloat withhold food and water for at least an hour after vigorous exercise how much your adult dog eats depends on his size age build metabolism and activity level dogs are individuals just like people and they don't all need the same amount of food it almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog the quality of dog food you buy also makes the difference the better the dog food the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl keep your SBT in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time if you're unsure whether he's overweight give him the eye test and the hands-on tests first looked down at him you should be able to see a waist then place your hands on his back thumbs along the spine with the fingers spread downward you should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard if he can't he needs less food more exercise coat color and grooming the Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a short smooth coat that lies close to the skin it comes in red thorn white black or blue or any of these colors with white as well as brindle a brindle with white the Stafford's coat sheds annually and hair loss is minimal throughout the year dirt brushes out easily and the coat dries quickly after a bath brush him weekly to remove dead a loose hair pavers needed this breed has little odor so he usually doesn't require frequent bathing other grooming needs include dental hygiene and nail care brush your Stafford's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the accompanying bacteria daily is better trim his nails once or twice a month or as needed if you can here the nails clicking on the floor the two long short nails keep the feet in good condition and don't get caught in the carpet and tear check the ears weekly to make sure there's no debris redness or inflammation clean the ears as needed with a cotton ball and a cleanse are recommended by your dog's breeder your veterinarian wipe around the outer edge of the ear canal and don't stick the cotton ball any deeper than the first knuckle of your finger beginning customizing your Staffordshire Bull Terrier to being brushed and examined when he's a puppy handle his paws frequently dogs are touchy about their feet and look inside his mouth and ears make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he's in adult children and other pets the staff of dis suitable for families with children but despite his much-vaunted patience and gentleness he should always be supervised in the presence of toddlers a young children he can be rambunctious and may accidentally knock small children down always teach children how to approach and touch dogs and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any mal gain biting or irritating on the part of either party teach your child never to approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating and not to try to take the dog's food away no dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child some Stafford's get along well with other dogs and cats when the raised with them as adults they may require more of an adjustment period before they welcome the company of another dog to ensure the best relationship choose a dog of the opposite sex make introductions in a neutral area away from your home

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