CNN Student News – 2016/08/31 – English Sub

CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: On the last day of
August, we`re glad you`re watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz. First order of business, we`re breaking down an economic story
concerning the European Union and a well-known tech company. Apple, like many global companies, has its
European headquarters in Ireland. Most of Apple`s profits from Europe and the
region around it are funneled through Ireland. Why? Ireland has one of the lowest business tax
rates in Europe. Its main business rate is 12.5 percent. But officials says Apple has not been paying that, that
it`s been paying taxes at 1 percent or less in Ireland. International lawmakers say the country gave Apple an unfair
tax advantage in exchange for creating jobs in Ireland. So, the European Union has ruled that Apple
owes up to $14.6 billion in unpaid taxes. But Ireland says Apple paid what it owed. So, the country is appealing the decision, along with Apple itself which says it follows
the law and is being unfairly targeted. The U.S. government says that forcing Apple to pay back taxes in Europe
could discourage international businesses from investing in Europe. Apple isn`t the only company to face this. Starbucks and Fiat Chrysler are also appealing orders to pay back
tens of millions from tax deals with other European countries. On U.S. soil, Chicago, Illinois, is a city
struggling with incredible crime. According to “The Chicago Tribune”, August has become
the city`s most violent month in almost 20 years and that report came out when there are still
two days left in a month. This is based on a number of shootings and
murders in the city. Chicago sees an average of around 82 shootings
every week. Its struggling economy and increasing gang
violence are two of the reasons why. RYAN YOUNG, CNN CORRESPONDENT: More than 30 kids
have been shot and killed in Chicago just this year, and when you look at the shooting numbers and we`ll
put this up on a full screen so you can see it. When you look at this year alone, when you
think about the violent crimes — 2,988 people shot in 2015, and 2016, already,
2,800 people have been shot. When you think about that crime that is soaring, 43 percent higher in
murders, 48 percent higher in shootings, 27 percent up in robberies. And look, this has been a conversation across
this city, especially when it comes to as many young
people that had been shot and killed. It`s almost to a point where you can`t even
get through a day without someone being shot, you have a lot of community members who are
asking, what can change? And when you look at the crime rate compared to Los Angeles
and New York, people want to know what the solution will be. Of course, the crime rate is here. In fact, there have been more murders in this
city than New York and L.A. combined. People pointing to gangs as part of the problem
but there needs to be a larger outreach, and that`s something that people haven`t been
seeing so far. AZUZ: Is E.T. trying to phone us? Probably not. But a Russian telescope recently detected something from outer
space that got the attention of some international astronomers. It`s reportedly a radio signal and researchers believe it might
have come from the area around the star about 94 light years away. One light year is almost 6 trillion miles,
so this is far. If the signal is artificial, if it was made by an alien life
form and if it was strong enough to be detected on earth, one prominent astronomer says it was probably made by
a civilization with greater technology than our own. But another astronomer says this could have
just been a random natural space sound that our machinery amplified and mistook for
something else. So, it might be nothing at all. In any case, research continues and the quest
to send humans beyond the moon. The latest crew to simulate living on Mars,
they were really in a dome in Hawaii, they just wrapped up their experiment after
a year. Here`s an idea of what they went through. RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s crazy that you guys have
been living in this dome for eight months. Six of you in here. NEIL SCHEIBELHUT: Are you calling me crazy? CRANE (voice-over): But that`s actually why these six crew members
were chosen for this special mission, to see if they would go crazy. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It definitely has that
potential. CRANE: I was one of the first civilians they
saw in months. (on camera): It`s pretty tiny. (voice-over): That`s because they were stuck living
inside the small dome, pretending to be on Mars, except Mars is the top of this dormant volcano
in Hawaii. (on camera): Some say this is the most Martian-like
environment we have here on earth. It`s isolated. It`s desolate. It`s rocky. It`s cold. I mean, I truly feel like I`m on another planet. (voice-over): They lived here because NASA
needs to figure out a major problem, if the mind can handle a trip to deep space. DR. LAUREN LEVETON, NASA SCIENTIST: These
missions are incredible undertakings. They`re unprecedented in terms of distance,
duration and confinement. CRANE (on camera): We don`t know how it`s
truly going to impact our brains. LEVETON: Yes, exactly. We really want to be able to quantify this
risk. CRANE (voice-over): And that`s where the HI-SEAS
mission comes in. KIM BINSTED, HI-SEAS CO-INVESTIGATOR: The goal of this
mission is to look at crew cohesion and performance. We want to see how we can select people and then support
them so they can do long duration space mission without — CRANE (on camera): Going crazy. BINSTED: Yes, basically. CRANE (voice-over): And NASA psychologists say that
a very important part of keeping us happy is food. (on camera): So, this is where you guys did
all your cooking? SCHEIBELHUT: Yes. CRANE: But this is not your typical cooking. I mean, you guys were dealing with freeze
dried food here. MILAM: Yes. CRANE: Nothing really fresh. SCHEIBELHUT: No. MILAM: You can always find someone making
something in here. So, it`s kind of the most social room. CRANE (voice-over): Unlike closer space missions,
earth is so far, you can`t even see it from Mars. So, the crew here didn`t have much of a view
either. The power and water on Mars is also limited, so
they can only take on six-minute shower per week. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We can track everyone`s
usage of the shower. CRANE: There`s also a 20-minute communications
delay to and from earth. (on camera): What about contact to the outside
world? SCHEIBELHUT: We had, you know, some delayed
communication, family and friends communicate with us. I think it was really important to allow the
crew members. Stepping into the legs. CRANE (voice-over): And whenever they went outside to
simulate space walks, they actually wore a spacesuit. AZUZ: Next, baseball and biomechanics. That`s the study of the skeletal system, and
how it works and moves and understanding how the human body can most
effectively and safely throw a pitch is part of the work of a non-
profit sports research organization in Alabama. Its evaluations come at a cost and not everyone
agrees with the methods it uses to compares pitchers, but keeping them pitching is a major goal
of the institute. VANESSA YURKEVICH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We cheer
for them. We want to be them. Professional athletes often defy human form. But they`re not invincible, which is why they suffer
injuries that cost leagues nearly $1.3 billion a year. In baseball, every year, 25 percent of major league
pitchers get an elbow surgery called Tommy John. Is this an epidemic? GLENN FLEISIG, RESEARCH DIRECTOR, ASMI: I
think so. The numbers show that from the youth through high
school, through the pros, the numbers are rising. YURKEVICH: Doctor Glenn Fleisig is the research
director at the American Sports Medicine Institute. Here, they study pitchers and biomechanics. Dr. Fleisig says biomechanics can help save pitchers
from Tommy John and the league from lost revenue. PEYTON MILLER: I`m Peyton Miller (ph). In high school, I played outfield and I pitch and I`m here because I don`t want to miss
some arm. YURKEVICH: Peyton Miller and his brother Brian (ph) are being
evaluated using motion capture sensors and high speed cameras. It can show exactly where and how their pitching
can lead to injury. ASMI evaluates everyone from 11-year-olds
to the pros. This technology found a fan in all star Roy
Halladay. Do you credit biomechanics for lengthening
your career? ROY HALLADAY, MLB PITCHER, 1998-2013: I do. I have not been able to incorporate it, it would
have been a great deal of disappointment for me. YURKEVICH: Holiday is sending both of his
sons to ASMI. HALLADAY: Anybody who`s involved in youth sports should take it upon
themselves to let Major League Baseball have those kids and have them healthy. AZUZ: A lot of 2-year-olds know their alphabet. This one has a flair for the dramatic. AZUZ: Her name is Violet, probably won`t be
the last time she`s on stage. The Facebook video of her operatically alphabetizing
has been viewed by millions. Her mom says she really likes the acoustics
in her preschool theater. Nothing falsetto about that. Well, that performance might have been the
key of a minor. She`s certainly performed with glee. Who would ask her to refrain? Singing loudly is obviously her forte from
her phrase to her Zs. She can`t be alphabet (ph). I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS, where
music puns always strike a high note.

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