Feedback with Melissa – Week 3 – Jul 2018 – Food as Medicine

MELISSA ADAMSKI: Hi, everyone, and
welcome to our final feedback video for Food as Medicine. My name’s Melissa. And I’m your course mentor. And as you can see
here, I’m coming to you from a different location
than from the first feedback video which you saw me in. And that’s because
I’m here in London in the UK for a conference. And the conference is
being held in Cambridge over the next couple of days. And it’s looking at nutrition
education in the medical sector of the medical health care
professional area there– so very much looking
forward to attending over the next couple of days. So week 3 for Food as Medicine– I can’t believe
it’s here already. So here we are looking at how
we can apply the nutrition information or the
nutritional knowledge that we’ve learned to
our daily dietary habits. Because it’s one thing to
know about nutrition facts and nutrition information. But it’s a second thing to
actually regularly incorporate this into our daily diet. So how can we do this
more effectively? So there are a number
of topics this week that helped to, I guess,
address this question. So we’ve got topics
ranging from information around misinformation
that we might find online, and how we can understand
whether the information we read is correct or not,
some of the challenges and barriers that
people come across when they are trying to
change their dietary habits, and also talking about just our
knowledge of family tradition, how this does
continue to evolve. And I think this is a
very interesting topic at the moment. Because there are some
opinions by people that just because our
nutrition information changes that nutrition
experts don’t necessarily know anything. However, this is not the case. Nutrition is a science,
just like all other sciences out there, such as medicine,
biology, and physics. And we are still
learning, as scientists, about this information. That’s why we continue
to do research. And so from this, we can
expect dodgy recommendations to continue to evolve over time
as new research comes to light, and as we learn more,
and our technology gets better when we’re trying
to probe certain dietary questions. And so we must
remember that we need to continue to evaluate what
the current body of evidence is, as this will always
continue to change. So it doesn’t necessarily mean
that nutrition experts don’t know what they’re talking about. But I think, in one
way, it actually views how a good nutrition
scientist will always be able to continue to
refine their messages as new evidence comes to light. So if you haven’t checked
out that step in week 3, please do you have
a listen to Simone to talk about how nutrition
science is constantly evolving. And if you’ve got any
thoughts, please do pop those in our
discussion forum board, so we can all read those, and we
can all chat about this concept here. Now another area in
week 3 that we thought would be interesting for people
to discuss and to read about are the different
dietary guidelines from around the world. Because most countries
will have their own set of recommended dietary
guidelines for people living in that
country to follow. And usually what happens here
is the government will regularly review the entire
body of evidence around nutrition
and food science and synthesise that down into
guidelines for the public there. And what we’ve asked
you to do in week 3 is to have a look at a range
of different guidelines from around the world and
discuss some of the concepts within those guidelines that
you like or perhaps don’t like. What do different countries
do that’s similar? And what do they do
that are different? Now one of the guidelines that
we’ve included in there and one of my favourite ones are the
dietary guidelines from Brazil. And that’s because
they don’t just focus on nutrients or nutrition. But they do try to bring it
into the context of ageing. It’s because we eat food. We don’t eat just nutrients. And so what they
suggest there is– one of their guidelines
is to remember to eat with friends and family,
to eat within a social setting. And I think this
is very important. Because food should be enjoyed. It’s not just that collection
of nutrients there. It has a lot of sensory
properties to it. And a lot of the time, we eat
food in a very social setting. And so bringing in one of those
points into their guidelines, I think, is very interesting. And I think it’s definitely
very important to highlight to the public that. So if you haven’t checked out
Brazil’s dietary guidelines, I recommend having a look. What we also did
was ask in week 1– or to let you know,
there were a number of surveys running
throughout the course to help us to do some
more research around food and nutrition. And one of surveys was
around inflammation and diet. And thank you to everyone who
has filled out that survey. And I thought I’d just report
back on some of the results, so we can all hear about what
your fellow learners have said within that survey there. So around half of
people in the course have reported to following
an anti-inflammatory diet at some time in their life. And one of the ways
that they do follow an anti-inflammatory diet is by
cutting out whole food groups or specific types of food. So the most popular
ones for removal were dairy, red meat,
gluten-containing foods, and sugar-containing
foods there. So they were the major
ones listed by people. And at least 80% of you are
also taking a supplement when you’re following the
anti-inflammatory style way of eating. The most common supplement
there was omega-3. Now one of the
interesting factors, as well, is that, for
people who are following some form of
anti-inflammatory diet or anti-inflammatory
eating pattern, is that the majority of you
received your information from the internet. And then the second
largest source after the internet were doctors. And the third after
that were from books. So this is very important
to tie-in our conversations and what we’re
learning in week 3 around how we can understand
whether the nutrition information is correct. Because we are doing a lot
more research for ourself these days, whether it be from
books or through the internet. So it’s very important
that we develop skills to be able to understand
whether what we’re reading is right. Because one thing that the
internet has certainly done is it has widened our access to
a whole range of information. And not all that
information is correct. Many times, that information
is opinion-based. And it can be presented as fact. And so, for some
people, it can be quite difficult to understand
whether this is correct or not. So if you are following
an anti-inflammatory diet, how to think about where you’ve
received that information, who has written it, and
start to try and analyse that to understand whether
that information is right, especially if you have
sourced that information from the internet. It also might be good
to consider, too, where we can understand
our limits for gathering information from
books and online. Because sometimes when
we’re reading about an area that’s not necessarily
familiar to us, we need to understand or
recognise where our scope of knowledge finishes and then
where we may need to engage with experts in that area
to receive continuing advice there, especially if it’s
around for, and nutrition, and specific health conditions
like some of the inflammatory conditions there. Now we have an
activity in week 3 that we’ve asked
you to take part in. That activity is
looking at popular diets and what the level of evidence
is behind those diets. So in the beginning
of week 1, we asked you, out of a
list of popular diets, to indicate which
ones you think have the most evidence behind them. And then what we
asked you should do is to repeat that activity
at the end of week 3. And that’s to see whether
your responses have changed in light of what
you have learned throughout the week
around nutrition information, evidence, and
the source of information. So currently, looking
at the results from the poll there,
the Mediterranean diet and the low glycemic
index diet– [BIKE REVVING] Sorry if everyone heard that. It was just a motorbike
going past outside. But the result there are
the two most popular diets so far indicated
from people which they think have the largest
body of evidence behind them. Now looking at the end of
the week at the poll there, the Mediterranean diet and
low glycemic index diets are also the top two
reported there, too. So responses don’t
seem to have changed much in light of the information
learned throughout the week. Now I’m not saying
that’s right or wrong. However, have a bit of a think
about which diets you’ve listed and what your source
of information was. Now some people
may have indicated that they don’t know some
of the diets listed there. And that’s OK. Try doing some research. And try to evaluate
that information that you’re making
to understand, are there and evidence
that are evidence-based? Is the whole part
of the information evidence-based or not? And then discuss this
with your fellow learners of what you found. In regards to the
Mediterranean diet, what information are you
basing that result on there? Which parts of evidence
have you heard about? Where have they come from? Do you think they are
truly evidence-based, or do you think they
have more opinion? Let’s really start
that discussion, and see what people think. Now even though
I’m here in the UK, I’ll be around still monitoring
the discussion forums. And so I will look forward
to seeing your comments throughout the rest of the
week to the end of the course. So please do continue
your discussions there. We’re always trying
to improve this course and to make sure that we provide
information that everyone is interested in learning about. So please do provide
us with feedback on either the survey at
the end of the course or in end-of-course
discussion forum. And you can also rate and
review us online, too. So if you have a chance
to do that, please let us know what you think. Now we’ll be running
this course again starting on the 8th of October. So if you have any family or
friends who are interested or you think might be
interested in learning more about food as medicine,
then please let them know. And we’ll look forward to them
joining us there in October. So I just wanted to
say a big thank you to everyone who’s contributed to
the development of this course. As you can imagine, it is a
big course to put together. So thank you so much
to all the members at the Department of
Nutrition, Dietetics and Food at Monash University and also
to the team from the Learning and Teaching Office at Monash
University who supported us in putting this course together. We could not have
done it without you. So just to recap,
I’m still here, still managing the
discussion forums. I look forward to
hearing from you all. And enjoy the week 3
of Food as Medicine. Great, See you, everybody.

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