First Aid: Adult CardioPulmonary Resuscitation | First Aid

This was video was created in partnership with: First Aid Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – Adult In this video, you will learn how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac arrest in an adult First Aid techniques: 1 – State of consciousness? If the person loses consciousness, call for help if you are alone Lay them on their back 2 – Normal breathing? Check that the casualty is still breathing by placing one hand on their forehead, and the fingers of your other hand beneath the tip of their chin Gently tilt their head back and lift their chin to open their airways If you see no breathing movement, hear nothing, nor feel their breath on your cheek the casualty is not breathing 3 – Alert the emergency services Call the emergency services and, only if there is one nearby, go and fetch a defibrillator 4 – Defibrillator? If there are other people around you, ask someone else to fetch a defibrillator 5 – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation In the absence of a defibrillator, or whilst waiting for someone to arrive with one, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation To do this, place the heel of the palm of your hand in the middle of the casualty’s bare chest Place your other hand on top of this hand, and interlock your fingers Position yourself directly above their chest with your arms straight Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation 30 Chest compressions Press down on the chest to a depth of between 5-6cm (2in) with both hands, Maintain a rhythm of 2 compressions per second 2 Rescue breaths Alternate 30 chest compressions with 2 rescue breaths, but only if you know how to do them Or Chest compressions Otherwise perform chest compressions only If you perform mouth-to-mouth breathing, do not forget to tilt the head back before each rescue breath and be sure to check that the casualty’s chest inflates Continue cardiopulmonary resuscitation without stopping until: the victim begins to breathe normally, or the emergency services arrive, or a defibrillator is brought to the scene Adult Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation In the first minutes immediately after cardiac arrest, the victim may breathe weakly or take irregular, noisy gasps These are known as gasps and should not be confused with normal breathing.

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