First Aid & Safety Tips : How to Assess Consciousness During First Aid

You know, one of the things that can be scary
is a diminished level of consciousness in an individual that we are witnessing, as a
bystander. Hi, I’m Captain Joe Bruni and what I’m going to talk about is how to asses the
level of consciousness in a patient or a victim of an accident or injury. Level of consciousness
is based on a scale, known as AVPU. The A standing for Alert. Ask the person their name,
do they know where they are, do they know what day of the week it is, do they know the
President of the United States. If they can answer these questions adequately, they would
receive an A on the AVPU scale, that they are alert and oriented. If they do not respond
to those questions but they respond to verbal stimuli, by moving when you try to determine
their level of consciousness, that would give them a V, on the scale, for Verbal. If they
don’t respond to verbal, the next step would be to asses the level of consciousness using
painful stimuli, rubbing the breast bone with the knuckles, rolling the nail bed, with something
like a ball point pen or pencil, causing pain, to see if the person responds to painful stimuli.
If they do, they would receive a P, on the scale. If the person does not respond to any
type of the above aforementioned, types of stimuli, they would be classified as Unconscious
and receive a U, on the scale. When responding medical professionals arrives at the scene,
you can already tell them the level of consciousness by following the simple steps of the AVPU
scale. I’m Captain Joe Bruni, stay safe and we’ll see you next time.

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