Gluten and Celiac Disease

gluten and celiac disease from NIH MedlinePlus magazine gluten it's all over the news but what is it and where can it be found gluten is a protein it is found naturally in some grains such as wheat barley and running nope not you rice common food products that have gluten include pastas cereal and bread sometimes gluten can also sneak its way into products like vitamins and supplements lip balms and some hair and skin products Shh most people don't have a problem with gluten but some people can't eat it because of an autoimmune disorder called celiac disease the gluten makes them feel sick celiac disease sometimes is hereditary meaning it runs in families it's also very common as many as one out of every 141 people in the United States has celiac disease but most people who have seen the F disease don't even know they have an celiac disease gluten can trigger the immune system to attack the small intestine immune cells damage small finger-like growths in a small intestine called villi and the brushing intestinal lining becomes flattened available when the villi are damaged the body can't get the nutrients it needs the immune system's reaction in me to other health problems as well symptoms of celiac disease and adults may include headaches depression or anxiety tiredness boner joint pain and a very itchy skin rash with blisters called dermatitis herpetiformis and in children stomach pain nausea and vomiting slowed growth and delayed puberty if untreated celiac disease can lead to serious complications like anemia infertility and weak and brittle bones celiac disease can be difficult to diagnose because it looks like many other diseases if your doctor thinks you might have celiac disease you may need a blood test looking for antibody markers like GA and EMA the diagnosis can also be confirmed with a biopsy probe a tiny tissue sample is obtained under anesthesia using a thin tube called an endoscope the good news is there's a treatment following a gluten-free diet patients need to learn what to eat and what to avoid the answer a nutrition labels carefully for most people following this diet will fix the symptoms and heal damage to the small intestine but for some people diet alone doesn't work finding hidden sources of gluten you may still be eating or using can help through the National Institute of Diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases the NIH supports research to learn more about celiac disease find out more about celiac disease and other topics at NIH MEDLINE plus the magazine forward slash magazine it can also search online for NIDDK celiac disease or visit NIDDK you

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