How to do CPR – British Heart Foundation

hi I’m Emily and I’m Ashraf and we’re going to show you just how easy it is to learn CPR CPR was short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation so it’s no wonder people call it CPR what it’s reminding you to do is call push rescue call 999 push on the chest and give rescue breaths CPI is something very simple and easy to learn something that you can do to keep blood flowing to a person’s body and drain when their heart has stopped beating this is known as a cardiac arrest a cardiac arrest is the ultimate medical emergency and without immediate help that person will not survive now there are lots of myths around CPR that often stop people from getting involved and trying resuscitation they’re afraid they’ll hurt the person or make the situation worse but if that person has had a cardiac arrest they will die within minutes unless someone helps them immediately so there really is nothing to lose by trying and don’t worry about breaking ribs it’s possible this could happen but a broken rib is far better than not surviving and no one has ever been successfully sued in the UK for helping out in an emergency some people can also be nervous about doing rescue breaths sometimes called mouth-to-mouth on a complete stranger this doesn’t have to stop you from helping because you can just do the chest compressions which is known as hands only CPR the chances are you’re most likely to have to resuscitate someone you know like a friend or a family member so we’ll teach you rescue breaths because that helps the person even more then you have the choice so if you do happen to be in the right place at the right time we really want you to feel confident about getting involved because the worst thing you can do is nothing okay let’s start practicing first place your mannequin in front of you like this the mannequins chest should be at your knees with its head to one side now to help you practice more easily there’s a little tab under the chest which says hard and soft can you see it when it’s pulled out it activates a clicker that helps you know how hard and deep to push but you can turn the clicker sound off by pushing the tab in like this but let’s leave it on for now make sure it’s pulled out so the word hard is showing now when you press down deep enough you’ll hear a click let’s warm up with one of the most important parts first which is pushing on the chest watch Ashraf to see where your hands should be placed place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest place the heel of the other hand on top of the first and interlock your fingers lean over the chest with your arms straight down okay now you do it place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest just as Ashraf is doing and now with your arms straight push down and then let the chest rise all the way back up again are you pushing straight down don’t worry about making mistakes this is just practice make sure that the heel of your hand is in the center of the chest try leaning further over the mannequin if you don’t hear a click and remember to keep your arms straight if you’re pushing hard enough you’ll hear a click alright you’ve just done one of the most important parts of CPR pumping blood around the body now let’s warm up some more with another part of CPR breathing that is breathing for the other person to do this we’ll need to open the mannequins airway and breathe into its mouth watch Ashraf for a moment while he shows you where to put your hands ease the head back with one hand on the forehead whilst lifting the chin with two fingers of your other hand okay now you try one hand on the forehead the fingers of the other under the chin be careful not to put your hand or arm on the mannequins neck otherwise air won’t go in and out have you got that good now watch Ashraf for a moment while he shows you how to get air into the manikin use the hand on the forehead to pinch the nose and then completely cover the mannequins mouth with your own and blow in a breath like this breathe the air in for about one second you’ll know that the air is going to the right place if you see the chest rise okay now try that with us one hand on the forehead two fingers of your other hand under the chin keeping your hand away from the manikins neck pinch the nose cover the manikins mouth with yours and blow in for about one second okay now let’s try a few breaths to make sure that you’ve got it did you see the mannequins chest rise good try it a couple of times and remember to keep the head tilted your hand away from the mannequins neck and pinch the nose as you breathe into its mouth after the first breath let the chest go back down and follow it with another breath great let’s do two last breaths it may not seem like it but you’ve already learned the key skills of doing CPR pushing on the chest and breathing let’s try them together for a little bit first let’s push on the chest 30 times just like we did before put the heel of your hand on the center of the manikins chest lock your fingers together keep your elbows straight and push the chest down at least 5 centimeters do this 30 times 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 once again tilt the head lift the chin keeping your hand away from the manikins neck pinch the nose completely cover the manikins Mouse with yours and blow in for about one second blow in enough air to make the chest rise once the chest goes back down do it again did you see the manikins chest rise push on the chest again 30 times one two three four five six seven eight nine 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 are you pushing down at least five centimeters Oh 25 26 27 28 29 30 make sure you push hard and fast on the chest keep doing sets of 30 pushes on the chest and two breaths until the ambulance personnel take over you’re getting the feel of how to do the pushing and breathing sequence of CPR now I want to show you a couple of steps that lead up to doing that how do you know if the person really needs you to push on their chest or breathe for them in the first place watch us for a moment let’s say we’ve just arrived at a scene where someone’s collapsed after making sure it’s safe to approach your casualty the first thing you should do is gently shake the person’s shoulders and shout something hello can you hear me if the person doesn’t move we’ll wake up they’re unconscious and we’d better shout for help shout loudly to try to attract attention if someone is nearby ask them to wait you may need their help help I need some help over here you now need to check if they’re breathing normally follow along and do it with us ease the head back and lift the chin just like you’ve already practiced then get close to check for breathing did you see the chest rising can you hear anything do you feel any breath if the casualty is not breathing or is only making occasional gasps it is not normal breathing if you do see hear or feel regular breaths you’ll need to put the casualty in the recovery position we’ll show you how to do that in another chapter of the DVD okay let’s try that sequence again ready we’re going to shake and shout look the movement or other response shout for help check for normal breathing are you alright can you hear me help I need some help over here to determine whether they are breathing normally look listen and feel for no more than 10 seconds they’re not breathing if the person is not breathing normally you will need to get some help if there’s someone else around quickly tell them to get help say it like you mean it you call an ambulance and get a defibrillator tell them this person is unconscious and not breathing if no one’s around you’ll have to call for an ambulance yourself ambulance service please I have someone who’s not breathing the operator will ask you some important questions so that help can be sent quickly and to the right place if possible use the speaker option on your phone the emergency operator can usually coach you through the steps of CPR so do not hang up the phone unless you are told to do so okay now you try make sure you practice all of the steps you have just found someone who has collapsed it’s safe to approach so gently shake the person’s shoulders and shout are you alright can you hear me the person doesn’t move or wake up shout for help loudly help I need some help over here okay that’s good check of their breathing normally they’re not breathing you call an ambulance and get a defibrillator tell them this person is unconscious and not breathing after you’ve called for an ambulance or have sent someone else to call start pushing on the chest just like you did before put hands in the center of the mannequins chest keep your elbows straight and push the chest down at least five centimeters do this 30 times 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 allow the chest to rise back up completely between compressions 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 and now give two breaths 30 more pushes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 keep your arms straight as you push it makes it a lot easier 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 and now two more breaths continue pushing on the chest 30 times followed by two breaths for as long as you can until qualified help arrives or the casualties starts to breathe normally again for practice now that you’ve learned this very simple life-saving skill we’ll do it together all the way through the steps of CPR from the discovery to the arrival of medical professionals this time Emily will run through the procedure with you are you ready begin hello are you all right can you hear me help I need some help over here no breathing you call an ambulance and get a defibrillator tell them this person’s unconscious and it’s not breathing start pushing on the chest 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 keep your arms straight as you push it makes it a lot easier 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 and now give two breaths 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 two breaths again make sure the chest Rises good news the paramedics have arrived and have taken over doing the CPR now we’ll turn off the clicking sound so that you get to practice without any help from the mannequin clicker push the tab in completely let’s go through the whole sequence again from discovery till the arrival of medical help be sure to push hard and fast on the chest hello are you alright can you hear me help I need some help over here you call an ambulance and get a defibrillator tell them this person’s unconscious and isn’t breathing start pushing on the chest do it along to the beat of the music are you pushing down at least five centimeters keep your arms straight as you push it makes it a lot easier two breaths again make sure the chest Rises allow the chest to rise back up completely between compressions okay well done you’re doing brilliantly so there you have it CPR and all its basic life-saving simplicity that wasn’t so bad was it now you know how to give immediate help to an adult whose heart has stopped beating let’s hope you never have to use CPR but if a situation arises when help is needed don’t hesitate you know what to do if you see an adult who has collapsed but you’re not comfortable with doing the breathing part go ahead and do the other skills check for responsiveness shout for help check for normal breathing phone for an ambulance and keep pushing on the chest hard and fast that’s better than doing nothing at all please don’t just stand around thinking someone else can do it better or that you’re going to mess it up if in doubt when you call for an ambulance they can talk you through CPR if you’re unsure or have forgotten anything remember a person who has stopped breathing cannot get better without immediate help and now you know how to provide that help thanks for your time we really hope you feel more confident now about helping someone in an emergency all you need to do is remember call push rescue now when someone asks you what did you do today give them this kit so that they can learn CPR too you

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