Introduction to Exercise is Medicine Singapore

Exercise is Medicine is a global initiative by the American College of Sports Medicine, and the local chapter is called Exercise is Medicine Singapore. It’s main objective is to train healthcare and fitness professionals to
confidently prescribe exercise to patients. The overall goals of Exercise is Medicine is firstly to raise awareness amongst doctors and other
health care professionals to monitor the exercise levels of their patients and secondly, to train doctors and allied health professionals to confidently prescribe exercise to their patients. Thirdly, to train fitness professionals to carry out their exercise prescription and supervise the patients in those exercise programmes and finally, to raise awareness amongst the public to let them know that if they need an excise prescription for general health reasons or their medical problems, they can go to a doctor or fitness professionals to get an exercise prescription. As for the components of the exercise prescription, we use a FITT pro model As in F I T T progression. F is for the frequency of the exercise
whether it’s exercising 3 days a week or 5 days a week, I is the intensity of the exercise I is the intensity of the exercise that is the heart rate or the exertion level of the exercise.
T is for the type of exercise for example the cardiovascular exercise, strength training, flexibility training and if it is cardiovascular exercise, is it brisk-walking or jogging or is it swimming or cycling or is it badminton etc. The last T stands for the time, as in the duration of the exercise, whether you are exercising for 15 minutes per session or 60
minutes per session. And finally the progression of the exercise. As in how fast we step up the exercise. For exercise prescription, we tend to customize it for each individual person but in general, there are 3 must haves. You must have cardiovascular training, flexibility training and resistance
training. For the cardiovascular training, try to accumulate a hundred and fifty minutes of moderate intensity physical activity or seventy-five minutes of high-intensity physical activity. For the flexibility training, it is also a must and we recommend that it be done daily. For the resistance training, we recommend
that it be done twice a week and there’s a fourth component which is recommended for people over fifty years old and that is
balanced training and that is mainly as a fall prevention
strategy. How does phisical activity or exercise
help aging? There are 3 aspects to look at. First, we know that aging tends to be
accompanied with a decline in functional capacity. Exercise on regular exercise in
particular, helps to arrest or reverse that
decline. Secondly in aging individuals, there is an increase risk of acquiring chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood
pressure, high cholesterol, osteoporosis etc. Regular exercise reduces the risk of these diseases and it is also an important intervention in the management
of such diseases. Finally, we know that exercise can prolong
a person’s life span and not only that, they can also improve the remaining quality of life.

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