Learn Medical Spanish: How to Give Medication Instructions in Spanish

hey there I'm Rory foster lead instructor at common ground international and today we're working on some simple tips to a really a simple framework for you to implement all of the free pharmacy and dosing instructions okay Buhl Airy in this most recent giveaway and so today we're going to look at two different levels of implementation here first of all for the beginner we'll do a very simple straightforward way to give instructions and then for intermediate and advanced speakers we'll look specifically at the Dead commands the imperative form and using the vocabulary that's a part of this download so first of all in pharmacy we've got a handful of verbs that we usually use with medications first of all it's take we've got tomorrow we've got Donnelly darle which is give him or give her that lay refers to someone else tomorrow darle Oh sod optikov so we're sorry to use apricot apply maybe for a cream or something like that and then one more that's coming to mind pennette pennette which is to put okay so these are going to be our primary verbs you may be thinking of more but really the format here is going to help you use these verbs with everyday pharmacy vocab so let's jump right in for the beginner we don't need to be fancy at all there are a few sort of cheater instructions and they're really effective and so we could start with something like you have to or you must and a very common way to express that is with a phrase called I K it's I K it doesn't make perfect sense when you try to translate this literally but ika essentially means one has to one must and in the direct one-to-one conversation it basically means you need to do this it's slightly indirect which is a preferred way to communicate in Spanish actually so I K tomar for example what's nice about these is you don't have to change your verb around no conjugation required it's just I Kate Omar dos pusti yes or something like that okay the next one is a little more direct tiene que the reason these work well this works just like ikt na que tomar 10a que dar lay tiene que usar and the reason these work well is because it's really you're just memorizing this here and this is directly you have to you're just memorizing this and then you don't have to worry about how you conjugate your verb you just have to have the right vocabulary for number and form pills or drops and then your frequency vocabulary once a day as needed etc all that vocabulary included in the download 10-acre a little less a little less strong would be something like Debbie Debbie you should necesita is you need to and play they play they as you can and then finally if we really want to be soft and we just want to ask someone please do something then we've got for day 5 or today so we've got for the beginner no conjugation required just a handful of phrases I K you have to or one has to tiene que very direct you have to debbie you should necesita you need to play they you can and five word day please do something all of these could be negative as well so no I que no tiene que no Debby no necesita no puede a little stronger now you can't do this and then five our day our know goes here if we're gonna do it five word they know us our el medica mentos cone alcohol or liquor okay great this is perfect for the beginner you can get started right away giving pharmacy instructions and dosing instructions without worrying at all about conjugations now for the intermediate level speaker or advanced level speaker you're going to want to give a command and the commands aren't necessarily it's not bossy or rude it is just the proper way and the best equivalent to when you would say something like take this two times a day or use this cream when you need it or you whatever those quick instructions they're not rude oftentimes it's nice to add a porfavor on there but in general using the command form is not a rude way to speak with your patients so how do you form it well as you notice here all of these are in the stead form which for all adults is what you want to do regardless of how long they've been your patient your professional tone wants to wants to always include the you stead form with adults so we need to find the stead command so this is for the intermediate advanced folks the sted command is actually pretty easy to form and if you're at this level you know present tense verbs right well that's our start we start with the first person the yo form of present tense verbs so let's take for example tomar and we go to the yo form of tomar tomo and so that's step one so you go to the go to the yo of the present tense step one and then step two as you drop the Oh there's no Oh anymore and then step three is and this can be a little confusing but it's not too hard to grasp step three is add the opposite ending and so what you know about verbs in Spanish is we've got ar verbs over here and then ers and IRS share a lot over here and these are what we'll call these opposites and so the ar verbs typically end in an A and er/ir verbs typically have an ending with an e in them and so we're going to add the opposite so if it's an AR verb like tomar we're going to add the opposite ending which is an e so its Tomei and so the opposite ending is AR goes to e and ER ir goes to a ok so let's look at another here poner now po Ned put is an irregular verb in the present tense but it doesn't matter because a lot of irregular verbs in the present tense have their irregularity in the yo and that's actually the base of our Oh stead command and so what's the yo form of poner it's Pongo we're gonna drop the O and it's an ER verb now so we're gonna add aa and so the you said command is Punga ponga that's the use Ted command alright that's all there is to it we've got simple phrases with unconjugated verbs for the beginner and we've got the u s– ted command which is go to the o drop the o add the opposite ending for anyone who is comfortable already conjugating verbs and using them and then again all you gotta do is get the free download for all the pharmacy and dosing vocabulary and you'll be on your way giving medication instructions have a great day

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