Medication Lecture – 1

welcome to our medication lecture the objectives of this lecture are to give the definition of medication to state the principles of giving medication to sight the different components of medication order discuss the assessment of medication mention the different routes of medication administration and to discuss the standard timings of medication to give you the definition of medication it is the substance administered to cure and to treat a particular diagnosis or to relieve symptoms and for prevention of disease medication is a legal drug administered for its therapeutic effects the prescribed medications must convey an order by the name of the client or patient the name of the medication the dosage the frequency the route of administration physician's signature and the time when the doctor ordered the medication there are rights and principles of administration of medication which are the right medication the right dose the right route right time right client or patient right documentation right approach or smile patients are also having rights in receiving the medications that the patient has the right to expect safe and appropriate drug administration right to refuse the medication and the patient has the right to take medical information there are hospitals policy in medication administration which are two registered nurses must administer the medication and that is to prevent drug errors and confirm that correct medication has given to the correct patient in correct dose at correct time there are several types of medication order they are standing order these are the medications ordered that should have been carried for a specific number of days until order is discontinued or changed with another medication a concrete example of this is a c7 500 milligram to the given three times a day for five days peer and order this is an ordered those which do not indicate a specific time for for administration only when needed example of this are pain medication medication for nausea and laxatives a concrete example is metoclopramide 20 milligram intramuscularly every six hours for vomiting another type of medication order is one time order it is a single order has written for medication that will be given once a day or once an example of this medication or medication for immunization or in you know globe like to give a TS point 5 ml ml intramuscularly after a negative or anti negative skin testing a stop order or immediately it is an order for medication that is to be given immediately and those medications are life-saving drugs or to have immediate effect example of this medication is nevirapine 5 milligram sublingual now medication assessment it is very important that the nurse should know the medication history of the patient the allergies and intolerance of the patient to the certain medication prescribed the medical history of the patient and if the patient is pregnant or lactating there are different types of medications which are oral medication and under this oral medication it is given through oral which is being swallowed by the patient sublingual route which is dissolved under the tongue buccal Road which is held inside the mouth the patient until they are dissolved and also oral medication can be administered through the nasogastric tubes parenteral medications are given through injections and infusions and under this type of medication are intradermal which is allergy testing or tuberculin tuberculin skin testing usually administered under the skin that is in the forearm in the upper arm or across the scapula subcutaneous medication is injected in the subcutaneous tissue layer of fat below the dermis intramuscular is injected into the muscle layer with the dermis and intravenous medication is injected directly into the vein or through various access devices the placed in the vein after vein puncture another type of medication is inhaled medication which is induced or to induce anesthesia and to treat respiratory disorders suppository medication this is inserted into the rectum or vagina topical medication is placed on the skin surface mucous membrane or body cavities an example of these medications are lotion cream and ointment there are also medications under the classification of jobs and augments and these are of chthonic medications these are solutions or ointments used to treat eye infections and glaucoma and eye arrogation ear medications these are solutions dropped into the ear to treat external ear infection or to soften and remove ear ones based on medications our solutions is sprayed into the nose to treat nasal congestion in just spinal medications or drugs injected into the spinal cord and an example of this are anesthetic drugs and intracardiac medications are those medications injected directly into the charge of muscles which is used to stimulate the heart muscle as a live-chat life-saving medication in administering medication safely there are several tips or the guidelines that we have to follow these arm medications must have physicians order or prescription before it can be legally administered to a column if the written order is eligible or is questionable for any reason the physician must be notified for clarification clarify with pharmacist if unclear or questionable orders verbal order should not be carried out the nurse who prepares the medication must also give it to the client and document it document the medication time dosage and rope in the clients record if the client is allergic to the medication an allergic reaction milk or it is an immediate life-threatening reaction which means that the client is hypersensitive to the child if the medicine is refused by the client record it and report it to the physician and note on the chart there are standard timings of medication administration these are the frequency and the particular time when it should be given like once a day it should be given at 6 a.m. or in other hospital they are or it is given at 10 a.m. two times a day is given at 600 hours or 6 a.m. and 1800 hours or 6 p.m. or it is every 12 hours which is given at ten hundred hours which is 10 a.m. and 20 hundred hours which is 10:00 p.m. three times a day is given at six hundred hours or 6 a.m. 1400 hours or 2 p.m. 20 hundred hours or 10 p.m. or it is also called every eight hours medication four times a day is given at 600 hours which is 6 a.m. 12 noon which is 1200 hours 1800 hours or 6 p.m. and 2400 hours or 12 midnight or it is also called every six hours medication there are also abbreviations that are being used or universal use in administration of medications this are G which signifies or means gram mg which is milligram and CG which is microgram L or liter ml or milliliter MEC or m eq means mill equivalent and kgs kilogram AC means before meal pc means after meal the almonds per oral NPO means nothing per oral this c means discontinued at live as desired GE TS as drops humans unit pre-op means before the operation and post-op means after operation tab for tablet i am j for injection also abbreviations are being used for the frequency of medication such as audio mins once a day or daily BD or b ib means twice or two times a day tid RTDs means three times a day or twice daily H s means at that time or at our love slip qi d means four times a day q 1h means every hour q 2h means every two hours q 3h means every three hours q 6h means every six hours q 8h means every eight hours q 12 h means every 12 hours PRN means as necessary or as needed that means at once or immediately and not means at night also it is used in the road of administration Ida means into the mouth I am means intramuscular se-min subcutaneous IV means intravenous be upper oral or by mouth as L means sublingual or under the tongue P V means per vagina and PR means per rectum and the calculation or computation of medication lecture will be given in the next video


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