Penn State Pre Med Experience Camp – 2016

We have 75 middle school campers and
they are here for a pre-med experience. So what we’ve done is designed the lab and the camp around each body system. So each day they’re doing something a little bit different. So they started with the skeletal and muscular systems. We looked at different bones and we made a map like of the bones on the body by laying
down and tracing ourselves and after that we made spinal columns and we looked at different diseases. One of them is scoliosis. “A natural curve especially in
lower back… but if you have the extreme, it would be called lordosis. So red, there’s five red… and that’s the… lumbar. and then the yellow, there’s 12 yellow… and that’s the thoracic. yeah and this blue, there is seven blue. We’re dissecting chicken wings. I found a
blood vessel. They’re like these long like thin strips with blood. “Different
muscles and tendons and ligaments and I also saw like a bunch of veins and
nerves on it and it was really cool. Look at this. Those are tendons… that might be a blood clot. It’s stretchy. We talked about the digestive system and
the first thing we did was we got a huge like model it was life-size and you
could pull out the body parts and we just looked at them and we talked
about what they were used for and what they did to your body and what like
quadrant they were in… upper right quadrant, upper left quadrant, lower
right quadrant and over lower left quadrant. Alright this is the small intestine, this is the large intestine, this is the stomach, liver, lungs, heart. That’s the liver… and in there is the pancreas? The gallbladder. Yeah it’s a gallbladder. “A bunch of livers.” “They’re pig livers and cat livers.” “How do they feel?” “They feel slimy.” Disgusting. Might sound weird, but we are making poop. we got plastic and we smashed it up like we were eating it and then we put two drops of
water and bile and all that and we got a paper towel. “In this case the large
intestine but right before that we have the small intestine absorbing most of the nutrients. Now we’re trying to get the rest of the
liquid out using the large intestines.” Poop. So we had like these urine and blood samples from some patients and we had some background information from the patients
and so we put them in like a sampler tray and then we put these testing
sticks into them. We use a diagram to find out how high the glucose in their body
was for like the urine in the blood and then had to determine if
they had diabetes and if it was type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. It
made me feel like a real doctor. Today was the heart so the cardiovascular system and
respiratory system with the lungs. We are going to dissect a sheep heart, and we got to touch a pig, a cat, a rat and a cow’s heart. We got to put our hands in the tubes and stuff. We found out about
the arteries and the different chambers the atrium and how the blood flows. We’re
learning how to take your blood pressure and it’s really fun because you get to pump stuff up. The first number you hear is the systolic yeah systolic and then number that you hear is dystolic. So I put this here, I’m going to pump this until this hits about 120 when I stop hearing it going to go
down and then i’ll tell you the blood pressure. I’m not hearing anything, oh I hear it now. Okay his blood pressure, i think it’s 160 over 40. I enjoyed doing an echocardiogram
looking at how flexing different parts of your body requires more oxygen than
doing other things and looking at the variation from relaxing to flexing. “And so these are pig lungs on the side and then a pig heart in the center and what we’re going to do right now is I’m going to show you how air travels down the trachia we’re going to inflate the lungs ok
so watch carefully So i’ll pump it up again and touch it. So all those little air pockets like bubble wrap they’re filling up
with air and causing the lung tissue to expand. So the brain and the neurons, the
brain cells and then we’re going to do special sensors we’ve got ears, eyes, models, dissections. “So your supposed to put the hole inside so we can cut around the eye then we’re going to pull some parts out of it to see what’s inside. I don’t have an eye. So you put these things on the back of your head and infront of your head and that measures your brain waves.
You would lay down on a table and then like if you were doing these different activities
like math problems your your beta waves which for the ones that control like you
doing active things with your brain would spike up because you’re being sort
of active and when you were relaxing your alpha waves which controlled like
relaxing they would spike up because you weren’t really being active. We played classical pop I think… and we played loud pop and we played soft pop and that made the brainwaves go up depending on if they were relaxed or whether there your brain was active. So like if you liked it or not sort of the brainwaves would spike up and down. if you want to go into medicine or go
into the medical field in general anatomy and physiology is kind of the
core base of that. It’s fine to learn about strokes or heart disease or
digestive disorders but if you don’t know those organs and don’t know those
structures then you’re not going to really know how you can solve the
problems or diagnose your patient well I found like my groups really fun i
think “Is this video taping right now?” “Yeah” “It is? [laughs] Right now yes [laughs] well I just want to say to new campers
that it’s really really fun and if you are rethinking it don’t.

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