Dr. Ron Lemenager, PhD Department of Animal Sciences
Purdue University This discussion focuses on pharmaceutical
management. All pharmaceutical products have specific storage requirements and it is very
important that you observe the manufacturer’s recommendations. A clean, dry secure place
is needed for all pharmaceutical storage to prevent contamination. Ideally, pharmaceuticals
ought to be stored in a sealed box or in a refrigerator. A comment about barn refrigeration:
it is important that you monitor temperatures to make sure that the refrigerator is working
properly. Frozen vaccines or too warm of vaccine can deactivate some of these products. Locate
the refrigerator in a safe secure area to prevent overheating and contamination and
do not store pharmaceuticals in the refrigerator doors because of temperature fluctuations.
When handling and using pharmaceuticals, always read and follow label instructions. Make sure
that you post local poison center control numbers by all phones for easy access. Properly
restrain animals when injecting to minimize self-injection. There are some very efficacious
medications that are available on the market but they are toxic to humans. Know what you
are dealing with and be careful. When dealing with these toxic products for humans, make
sure that if it is a subcutaneous injections, make sure that you use the one-hand SQ tent
technique. To maximize drug effectiveness, only use fresh
products, store refrigerated products in a cooler from the point of purchase until it
is stored in a refrigerator on location. When you are working chute side, make sure that
you store these products in a cooler to maintain their effectiveness. Purchase only the appropriate
dosage size for the task and use transfer needles to reconstitute vaccines. When mixing
vaccines, or reconstituting vaccines, only use approved combinations. Rock the bottles
back and forth. Do not shake. Do not mix too much at once because most mixed vaccines will
last for less than one hour. After reconstitution, or after you need to reconstitute or mix these
products, mix them again, gentle motion, back and forth, don’t shake.
When administering pharmaceutical products, label all syringes before processing and use
a single syringe for each product. Only draw contents from the bottle with a clean needle.
Do not store partially used mixed vaccine containers. Throw them away. And, clearly
label all products before storage. Consumers expect zero drug residues. Residues
can be avoided by: maintaining proper individual animal identification and the proper withdrawal
times for that animal that is treated. Maintain treatment records for at least two years.
Properly store, label and account for all medications. Use products according to label
only. Follow any product withdrawal times and that would be directly from the label
or veterinarian that you obtain products from. Train all employees and family members on
proper beef quality assurance practices.