What are the different specialties in Medicine

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Webb here in this video today I'm going to talk about the different specialties in medicine there are lots of different routes that you can take once you become a doctor you can do various number of things I want to talk about a few specialties and some options for you guys hopefully you're watching my series careers in medicine where a feature and interview different professionals and various fields of medicine to expose you you all to different fields as well so in this video I'm going to talk about the difference some different specialties or different career options in medicine there are lots of different specialties in medicine most people decide on a specialty their third or third year of medical school at the you do clinical rotations some people very few know exactly what they want to do going into medical school other people figure that out after their clinical rotations so such as me I didn't decide on orthopedic surgery until the end of my third year because that's when I did my ortho rotation I was like oh I like this but I knew I kind of knew that I wanted to do surgery going into medical school but if you decide late like I did I was a late it was a late decision for me to buy to orthopedics that's okay too people change their mind I initially wanted to do emergency medicine and then I thought about doing urology but I didn't want to be called the penis doctor all my life there's nothing wrong with that but I have that name virology I do a lot of cool procedures but I like working with my hands and I think it comes down to whether you want to use your head more or use your hands give you more of a cerebral thinker or if you more of a doer and you can have a combination of both there's specialties that comprise lots of thinking as well as lots of procedures so some specialties that are out there there's family medicine which is usually around three years this is kind of your primary care physicians who take care of patients mostly in the clinic and they see a lot of clinic patients and manage your blood pressure your your cholesterol your your well checks so they take care of patients from early like babies to older patients so they actually can do some deliveries as well and residency is usually three years the next one is pediatrics this is usually a three year residency as well and these are the doctors who you take your babies to in the clinic or they see them in an indie hospital and they take care of your baby once your baby's born something along those lines is OB GYN oncology which is they do illness checks for women they deliver babies they do surgery and the pelvis the genital region oh these are surgeons OBGYNs and sir and your residency I believe is four years another specialty is anesthesiology which is a pretty popular one residency is usually a one-year transitional year than additional three years of residency and these are the people who put our patients to sleep in surgery so they do all type of procedures like central lines arterial lines they do all different types of different procedures that you can specialize so specialize into pain medicine you can sell specialized into pediatric anesthesia cardiothoracic anesthesia so you can do lots of different things in the field of anesthesiology the next field I would say is plastic surgery which is pretty competitive you can either go general surgery routes and then apply to plastic surgery or you can go directly into a integrated program that has plastic surgery kind of built into it plastic surgeons you got two guys kind of know what they do dermatology is really appealing and a good fill to go into is really competitive or really extremely hard to get into the few people that I know would be a dermatology they took a year off and did research in med school so instead of four years of med school that did five years with that research here and if you want to be competin to a competitive field this is something that you may have to do another specialty is urology like I said I was interested in urology as a medical student they do a lot of procedures around the prostate any type of inch or your pelvis type surgeries or any type of lesions in the pelvis they do lots of different things that lots of different procedures so it's a really procedural based specialty and you make good money doing it as well the next specialty is endocrinology endocrinologist they manage patients with endocrine issues whether that's pituitary problems your thyroid gland your adrenal glands any problems of the independence system and that's especially you have to do internal medicine first and then do a fellowship in in terminology the next specialty is neonatology which is a specialty that deals with the preemies or the babies who are born kind of early babies that are in the intensive care unit or the NICU and I believe you have to do a pediatric residency and imply for a neonatology fellowship but that is another option as well another specialty is pain medicine and these are people who manage the patients who have chronic pain lots of different patients who medicine doctors can't do anything for the surgical doctors can't do anything for and their only option is basically pain control so there's doctors who manage patients pain as their sole job is to manage pain whether this is injections pain medications different procedures spinal cord stimulators this is basically their job and you can go be a pain doctor you can do anesthesiology residency first and be a pain doctor or you can do fizzy 'try or physical medicine and Rehab doctor in specialize in paying that way and that's the next specialty is fizzy a tree which it's a field that is not have talked about as much but these are the rehab doctors and patients who get a spinal cord injury or patients who fall and break their hip or patients who have dementia or stroke and they can't take care of themselves at home or a nursing home they go to a rehab center and the doctors at this rehab center who manage their overall care of the physiatrist and that's p.m. are physical physical medicine and Rehab doctors that is a specialty option as well general surgery is another option these are the surgeons when you come into the ER as a trauma patient or if you have a pen of situs or your gallbladder is inflamed these are the patient of the doctors who take care of you an emergency situation so you can specialize into plastic surgery after that you can do bariatric surgery you can do a colon surgery you can do lots of different things in the general surgery room or you can go into state private practice and or just do general be a general journalist a general surgeon orthopedic surgery it's the best I may be biased when I say that but orthopedic surgery we do lots of different procedures pretty much any part of the body except the belly the brain the face that's about it we do spine surgery we do hand surgery we do foot and ankle we do hip and knee surgery we do joint replacements in the hip and your shoulder and elbow there's lots of different fellowships you can do out there orthopedic surgery you can do spine surgery which is what I'm doing I'm just I just matched recently check out my match video and I'll put it right up here you can do shoulder and elbow which means you'll be a specialist and you'll be an orthopedic surgeon but you will specialize in shoulder replacements rotator cuff injuries any type of problems with your shoulders or your shoulder expert expert you can do a hand surgeon you'd be a hand surgeon so any problems with the hand carpal tunnel trigger finger fractures other hand deformities of the hand you can do hip and knee replacement so these these are the doctors – orthopaedic surgeons who specialize and joint replacement so the patient needs a knee replacement or the hit replace or they need a revision which means their primary surgery failed for some reason you go to a joint replacement doctor you can do a foot and ankle you can specialize in that that's another option or an ecology which is cancer of the bone or soft tissue so lots of different options and not only medicine but also and fulfilled you can sub specialize and there's a lot of different mixtures of whether one goes into private practice or versus one goes into academics and I'll make another video about the differences between those two radiology is another special you can go into I have a video about a gentleman who works from home so that's an option for someone who doesn't like going into the hospital you can actually read x-rays from your home and get paid for it so he sits at home that's his office and he reads x-rays pathology is another specialty you can do nephrology a doctor of the kidneys so there are lots of different specialties out there in medicine I'm pretty sure I've forgot a few or a number of her a lot of them but thank you guys for watching this video make sure you subscribe new videos come in every week you don't want to miss these video stay tuned


  1. Hey Dr. Webb, I appreciate your videos,very informative. Just wanted to know, what is you opinion of osteopathic medicine/D.O. ?

  2. im mainly interested in orthopedic surgery/sports medicine but lately I’ve been looking into more otolaryngology and physical therapy

  3. Dr. Webb I'm trying to train myself to study 6 hours on my free days, preparing myself for med school. Is that enough or should I be ready to study 10 plus hours. I'm talking as a habit not cramming, I cannot cram for I'm not very efficient when I'm sleepy.

  4. I knew something was different about you but couldnt put my finger on it. I thought it was just your positivity but then I seen your cbn testimony and Im like wow this brother is saved and that's the difference, that you exuberate. Praise God! You are so inspiring. I am a vocational nurse who is working on my bachelors in public health getting ready to apply for PA school. You are so encouraging and my go to on YT for medical career based info. I also love the diversity displayed on your channel. May God continue to use brother. God bless

  5. How is pmr different from physical therapy. I know one is MD or DO and the other is DPT, but what’s the difference in what they do with patients.

  6. Great video dr. Webb, thank you for all your effort. It would be great if you could make an interview with a female orthopedic surgeon, so if you get a chance, please do so.

  7. You forgot psychiatry, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurology, and neurosurgery. Can you interview an ophthalmologist next for your "how to become…" series?

  8. I wish we had more exposure to the different specialties of medicine, even in med school. I feel like once you find out about a lot of cool specialties, it’s often too late to prep appropriately. Thanks for making this video!

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