What is Schema Therapy? | Kati Morton

– Hey everybody. Today we’re gonna talk
about schema therapy. Before we jump into that,
are you new to my channel? Welcome. I’m a licensed therapist
creating educational mental health videos, and I release them on Mondays and on Thursdays, so make sure you’re subscribed and have your notifications turned on so that you don’t miss out. But now, let’s get into
today’s topic, schema therapy. What is it, and why would a therapist recommend it for you? Now, schema therapy is a therapy style that was developed to
tackle pervasive patterns in our lives. Pervasive just means, it’s like
running through everything, it’s just always hangin’ out there, and what schema therapy
does is it helps us identify and uncover schemas or
themes that we formed in response to early experiences of unmet emotional needs, okay? I know that’s a lot,
but just hang with me. What that really means in short is that when hurtful or
bad things happen to us, we try, you know, to make sense of it by believing that it’s
either like our fault, we did something, or we create an unhealthy or negative story about it to kinda tell ourselves
why that thing happened. And this type of therapy
seeks to help us learn how to operate in a healthy
mode or state of being, as we learn to get our
core emotional needs met in everyday life. Now, before we go any further into why someone could
benefit from schema therapy, let’s talk a little bit
about the origin of it. Now, schema therapy is a type of therapy that was developed in the mid 1980’s. A man named Dr. Jeffrey Young
was working with patients at the Center for Cognitive Therapy at the University of Pennsylvania, and while he was seeing a lot of success through cognitive therapy, he also noticed that with patients who seemed to have more pervasive patterns of dysfunction or personality disorders,
he really wasn’t seeing much lasting change, and that’s why he began to develop schema therapy. He wanted to take the strengths from multiple therapeutic techniques, you know, like I kinda do in my practice. He wanted to pick and choose
from the ones that existed and combine them into
one integrated approach, and that’s how schema therapy was born. Schema therapy helps to navigate patterns that developed out of our childhood that now permeate our
lives, and it does this by borrowing from multiple theories, just like I was talking about. For example, psychodynamic theory explores childhood
relationship experiences with the mindset that
insight into the past can in and of itself, help
us navigate the present. Cognitive therapy takes a
more present day approach, seeking to identify thought patterns taking place in specific situations, and focusing on how we
can shift our narrative. Schema therapy integrates both approaches by exploring elements,
as well as borrowing from some attachment theory,
object relations theory, and emotion-focused therapies and more. Okay, now let’s talk a little bit about some of the key components
of schema therapy. Now schema therapy has
four key conceptions. Number one, emotional needs, number two, early maladaptive schemas, number three, maladaptive coping styles, and four, schema modes. Now I know that sounds like a lot, but don’t worry, we’ll break it down. Okay, so let’s get into each
of these concepts a little more so that you can just
better understand them, and the first, the core emotional needs. Schema therapy proposes that you and I have some basic emotional
needs when we’re children. We’ve kind of talked about this when it comes to, you know,
childhood emotional neglect, and some, maybe abuse that
we sustained as children. We all have emotional needs,
and when these are not met, we develop early maladaptive schemas. That really means a faulty
story or belief about ourselves, and these are damaging themes or patterns that we developed in our childhood, and then continued to add
to throughout our lives. For example, one of these might be, I’m not worth loving, or
everyone always leaves me. Now schema therapy has
categorized our schemas into 18 themes, that can result from a perceived lack of core
emotional needs being met. I’m not gonna go through all 18. You can look it up if you want more. Of course, our brains have lots of schemas they form in our childhood, and even into adulthood, but
early maladaptive schemas have a few things in common, and this is our second one if you don’t remember. The second component of schema therapy is early maladaptive schemas. Okay, so they have a
lot of things in common, and the first is that they have broad pervasive
themes or patterns. Two, they’re comprised
of memories, emotions, cognitions and bodily sensations, and three, they involve
the way we see ourselves or our relationship with others. Four, they have developed
during childhood or adolescence, and were five, deepened and extended throughout our lifetime, and six, and finally, they create
a significant degree of dysfunction in our lives. Pretty much what we’re saying
is these maladaptive schemas we’ve created started in our childhood, they’re not helpful,
they actually hinder us, and they kind of hang out
and permeate our entire life. Now from these schemas, we then develop what they call coping mechanisms, which you know a lot about. I am always talking about coping skills, and that’s really what these are. For a child in a rough
situation growing up, these coping strategies make sense. They were our way to, you
know, try to protect ourselves, and they can help us get
through really tough things. You know how I’ve mentioned that like, self- injurious behavior
or even dissociation can help us get through
a really tough time, but what makes them
maladaptive coping styles is when we hang on to
those coping mechanisms past the point that they’re helpful. I’ve talked about this before, like our self-injury is
no longer serving us, and so that’s when they kind of move in to this maladaptive realm. Now these are different for
every individual, obviously, which can explain why we are
different from our siblings, even though we could grow up
in the exact same environment. Coping mechanisms can be
shaped by our temperament, or just from watching and or
imitating someone around us. Coping mechanisms can be a
variety of different things, but they tend to fall in
to one of three categories, and I found this really fascinating. The first category is surrender, which means we’re repeating our
schemas over and over again. For example, if our
schema makes us feel weak, we might have a coping strategy of over-dependence on
others, which really lines up with that schema or that narrative that we are weak or unable. The second category is avoidance. Now these strategies are the ones that help us avoid or escape our schemas. For example, you know, addictions, or seeking some kind of stimulation that can make us completely avoid all the stuff that we maybe
think or feel about ourselves, and the third category
of coping mechanisms is over-compensation. Now these strategies are the ones that lead us to do the
opposite of our schema. So if our schema makes
us feel out of control, we might end up coping
with obsessive disorder or extreme planning, or maybe
even eating disorder behavior. Okay, we talked about all three of the main concepts in schema therapy, and I know that was a lot, remember they were core emotional needs, early maladaptive schemas,
and maladaptive coping styles, and the last concept that’s
important in schema therapy is what’s known as schema modes. Now, this really refers to the modes or states that our mind goes into when we’re triggered, okay? Modes are a combination of our schemas and our coping mechanisms,
and it’s out of that that flow these patterns that we see playing out in our lives. You know, when you kind of find yourself like in the same type of relationship or having the same kind
of relationship issues. A mode is not simply a narrative we have or a coping behavior, or a
feeling that’s triggered. It’s really when all
those things come together so consistently and repeatedly that our brain kind of has
a mode it now goes into when we’re triggered. Does that make sense? It’s kind of like our brain gets so used to thinking and doing the same thing every single time it’s triggered that it either acts responsibly to get us out of the situation, or it possibly dissociates or, you know, has us engaging in some
kinda unhealthy coping skill, and the mode that we
go into really depends on our coping skills, and those early, unhealthy schemas that
we kinda talked about that we developed as a child. Does that make sense? When it comes to these modes, schema therapy identifies and addresses 10 different kinds of
them, and it’s designed to tackle those 10, and if any of this doesn’t make sense, or you want more clarification, just let me know in those comments down
below, and I’m happy to follow up, either in a
comment or in another video. So we’ve talked about the key concepts, but what actually happens
when we walk into the office of a therapist who
specializes in schema therapy? The primary goals of schema therapy are to first unpack and identify those four concepts in our lives. What experiences did
we have of unmet needs? What schemas have we developed, and what coping mechanisms
go along with these to make up the modes that
we’re operating out of? I know that sounds very therapisty, but I hope you kinda understand. It’s like, what emotional
needs weren’t met, then what do we do to
deal with the feeling, or that unmet need, and then how do we act as a result? And moving on to the second thing a schema therapist will do, is that they’ll wanna know how
we get our needs met, and how we can access a healthy mode that operates out of adaptive schemas. So they’re gonna help you
create these adaptive schemas and healthier coping mechanisms, so it can help us in our
relationships and our lives. Like, if we could rise to the
occasion when we’re triggered, and not let that old way of thinking cause us to relapse or dissociate, they’re gonna help build
up those coping skills, also challenge some of those thoughts or beliefs you have about
yourself in your past so that we can feel more
confident and empowered to make healthy decisions. Often schema therapy involves
a period of assessment. Therapists may ask us to
take some kinda Q and A, or may use techniques to
help us identify schemas that are impacting our lives. As schema therapy is such
a multi-theory approach, remember, we’re kinda picking and choosing from different therapies,
we’ll likely experience a number of different
types of therapy styles. Our therapist may utilize
cognitive techniques or emotion-focused techniques, which can involve more
techniques like chair work. If you ever done like
Empty Chair Technique where you talk to someone that you’re havin’ a hard time with and pretend that they’re in that chair, or you could role play to
explore different schemas, like, almost like taking that
eating disorder voice out and talking to it, like,
why are you doing that, and I know it sounds kinda crazy, and I know a lot of you don’t like that, but it can help us uncover some, maybe other schemas or other issues or coping skills that
we may be dealing with. Now the therapy relationship
may also be utilized in schema therapy by exploring any modes, remember, those ways we act out, that are triggered in sessions, which, really is just
a fancy way of saying that we’ll talk through and work through any transference that might come up. And behavioral techniques
can also be used, helping us press in to
new coping strategies and try out new behaviors to help us feel more confident and able to act out in a healthier mode, instead of, you know, going back to
that old unhealthy one that’s really been holding us back. Okay, now let’s talk a little bit about who can benefit from schema therapy, and the truth is, the key concepts of schema therapy could
probably help most of us. I know when I was researching
this, I thought that, that it could really, really help me, and many of us have emotional needs that we really felt were unmet as children or adolescents, and we
all likely formed schemas or unhealthy coping skills out of that, and all of that can lead
us to having behaviors or patterns in our
lives that we don’t like and we maybe wanna change. So how do we know if this therapy is the best fit for us? How do we know when we should
be pursuing schema therapy or something more commonly
available, like CBT? Well, schema therapy was developed specifically to provide options and help for patients who
have patterns in their life that are so pervasive and
deeply entrenched within them that typical forms of therapy can leave them feeling discouraged at their inability to go deeper than tackling just the
symptoms they’re feeling. It’s commonly thought to be
one of the more helpful tools for those of us who are struggling with chronic psychological disorders like borderline personality
disorder or narcissism, and it’s also been known to work well with those who find they’re struggling with lifelong patterns
that are really hindering their quality of life, like
eating disorders or addiction. There are a lotta different kinds of therapies out there,
and it can be hard to know which one’s best for you, but I hope this just gives you a
little bit more information about schema therapy,
and if you’re not sure, always chat with your therapist, and ask for their take on this. You know, what type of therapy might be the most helpful for you. And if you’re watching this and
you’ve tried schema therapy, or have had any thoughts on it, please share in the comments down below, and I will see you next time. Bye.

100 comments

  1. It feels like your videos are aimed right at me… I recently found out I have ASD (as an adult) – you recently did a video about that… and now I'm reading a book about anxiety and Autism… and it talks about schema therapy!

  2. How would I go about asking about this, or requesting schema therapy with my psychiatrist? Just flat out, "What do think about schema therapy?" or something? It's like… I'm turning 33, and have been seeing psychiatrists, therapists, counselors, etc since I was 9, and have been CBT'd, and drugged for all of it. I still have severe problems. I don't want her to think I'm trying to leave her, or disrespect what she does. I just want to be able to live life.

  3. Most of your videos I can't really relate to but I just think you have a very calming and friendly voice and I listen to them in the background.

  4. Hey Kati, great video!
    Question: Is there any person who could potentially not benefit from talk therapy – no matter the theory that is being used? Why/in what situations?
    Also, I would love to see more videos from a therapist's personal standpoint: countertransference, burnout, feelings of incompetency, etc. I am in my masters program towards licensure and find your videos thoroughly helpful (and entertaining). Thank you!! 🙂

  5. And what am I supposed to do with being emotionally damaged this past weekend at the age of 25 when I though things were better with my family, and instead made me feel like shit? Cause I do. In fact, I think because I’m 25, it’s worse. I don’t even want to hurt myself. Which is great. I just don’t know how I feel. It’s so hard to grasp that I don’t know what to think.

  6. That's a good video and schema therapy sounds great. Thanks. Would you say schema therapy is right for codependency or would it be a different therapy?

  7. Hi Kati , thanks for the video , How does Schema Therapy correlate why Inner Child Work ?
    I can identify many parallels between the two , although today is the first I have heard of Schema Therapy. Thanks , Gary 

  8. Could you do a video about experience taking? I think it’s when you watch something or read something and then when you’re done you end up feeling and to some extent believing you are one of the characters in the story

  9. When I make a mistake that causes a higher stress or consequence situation, I often find I crumble and turn on myself. (Why cant I make things work, why am I such a flake, why cant I balance things in my life as well as others).

    I find I have a couple days crashing, a week or two of pulling everything back together, and about 3 weeks of things going ok, before I lose it again.

    Is this a type of schema possibly? I find its been a pretty consistent pattern in my life for at least the last decade or more.
    Sometimes its every few weeks, to during the best times every few months.

  10. When you talk about empty chair therapy, it makes me think of the approach i read in a book to use stuffed animals and role play things to take myself out of the equation and try to prevent dissociation

  11. Hi Kati, this may be a controversial topic but have you seen the Leaving Neverland film with the 2 men who have now disclosed in detail Micheal Jackson's grooming and sexual abuse?
    Will you do a video response to it? I think it's important to recognise that sexual abuse can be difficult to identify, and these kids didn't feel "abused" because Micheal told them he loved them and made them feel special. Maybe a video on grooming and how to identify it and how to talk to kids about it?

  12. Hi Kati. Thanks for all the info! Great video again ❤️ I am currently doing a very good kognitive behavioral therapy and my therapist just recently brought that chair technique up from schema therapy so your video is coming at a wonderful time! 🙂 So, is it usual that it is also included into CBT sometimes?

  13. What is IPT? My psychiatrist recommended me to speak to my therapist about starting it but didn’t do much explaining . My therapist didn’t seem too familiar with it when I brought it up… can you help? THANK YOU!

  14. So as someone with C-PTSD, depression, anxiety, ADD, possibly eating disorder (some sort of binge eating) and a mixed personality disorder with AvPD being most dominant (but also BPD & Dependent), schema therapy would probably work better than CBT and/or DBT? I haven't had much luck with CBT bc I have too many issues with my past to be able to move forward and none of my counselors were willing to work with me about my past and just kept telling me to forget about it, it is in the past and you can't change the past. Literally was told this by two counselors, one of which was the head of the department for MultiCare Behavioral health.

  15. My unmet childhood need of emotional nuturing has led me to fall into a type of eating disorder (a rather non pasé appraoch to eating). I realized this recently and now I'm trying to nurture myself through meals 🖤

  16. A very interesting video. I have been watching your videos for a while now and I wonder why you often ask "Does that make sense?" in the middle of your explanations. I also noticed you stating sometimes that some things sound too "therapisty" in a way, which was always a bit confusing because both of of those things come out of nowhere and are kind of interrupting the flow of your explanations. I don't know if I'm the only one finding this confusing, but I just wanted to ask what the reason behind those two interruptions are, that appeared more than once (or else I probably would not have noticed them at all).

  17. i absolutely love this. thankyou for sharing kati, i think this approach in therapy would help so many.

  18. Would love to know more about schema therapy 🙂 Please do more on this. I looked it up, and just as a light overview, found out I have quite a few… You have a job security issue lol! (We always want to know more)

  19. Great you brought up inner voice and challenging our inner voices beliefs about ourselves. Following that belief to its original conception in our past to its root cause. It is a favorite technique, I use self examples to share and help others.

  20. Hi! This was such a great video! I started my schema therapy 2-3months ago, also am reading book about it, by Jeffrey Young 🙂 I love that it takes different methods from other techniques and combines it 🙂 it's not an easy road, never is, but I see more, and understand more about my behaviour now, and hopefully I will be able to overcome my schemas 🙂

  21. Had my first session with a new therapist yesterday and she told me she wants to do schema therapy with me. I'd never heard of it before, so I've spent all day researching it. I can't believe the timing of your video! The universe is wild haha. Thanks Kati 🙂

  22. My name is Debbie Gallant, I consider myself to be a creative out of the box thinker and I’ve got a powerful message to share with the world and it comes from a place of my heart. I am passionate about mental illness and the misunderstandings and ignorance that surrounds it. Illness is Illness it doesn’t matter if it’s chronic, terminal physical or mental it impacts our lives, family and community. It's time we create a revolution from a place of our hearts! Let's all get involved. This means you too and all of your social media friends!! Let's embrace and celebrate our differences and learn from each other. Strength lies in differences. Help me help others from a place of your heart. Mental Health Matters Fear Less Love More. Please join us compassionate mental health warriors, we are paving the way to save lives together. Let's prevent addictions, homelessness, suicides and premature death caused by illness. Let's pick up our swords and shields and stand strong and powerful like warriors and destroy stigma once and for all. Alone we can do so little together we can and will change the world. Let's create history instead of redoing it. Will you please join me and be a advocate warrior friend of mind? Please share your videos, links and passion purpose. Can't wait to connect. email me for the link. [email protected]@t​

  23. Poop, I wanted to reply to my own comment, but I couldn’t… Anyways, would you be willing to make a video on Megalomania? I don’t feel like it’s about enough and I’m curious because I’ve heard the term, but I want to know more about it and I don’t really know what it is. What disorders does it hang out with?

  24. Chair work, for me the most brutal and helpful technique my therapist used. I always was extremely tired after it, but we learned so much doing it.

  25. Is it bad that I use your videos to help me study for my NCEs? I took a practice test and did fairly well on it by remembering what was in your videos. Those questions I got right. The ones I got wrong, I have never heard of. Like book titles. Love it!

  26. Thankyou Kati ,really interesting video .I think Schema Therapy could help me and everyone.Thankyou for all your help .I suffer from Bpd .Sending bright blessings

  27. I love how you say things like “does that make sense?”, makes me feel like you’re actually talking to me and were having a real conversation, rather than just watching a video. Thanks for always being there for me even though we’ve never met, I hope you have someone in your life who is always there for you too ❤️

  28. As always, an awesome video. Love your content, it’s always so informative and helpful! Could you do a video Sudden Repulsion Syndrome?

  29. I love this! You're speaking my language! I'm obsessed with psychology and THIS is something I've not heard about in this manner! LOVE YOUR CONTENT, THANK YOU SO MUCH 😎❤

  30. This is so weird to me, as schema therapy was introduced way differently for me by multiple (!!) therapists/psychologists. They said we literally make a "schema" (it's Dutch for a content table) on paper for a GGGG-schema. Gebeurtenis (event), Gedachte (thought), Gevoel (feeling) and Gevolg (consequence). So you fill in what happened, what you thought right after, what that made you feel, and what the consequence is. Then they point out that it's your thought process about the event that made you feel negative, and not the event, which then in turn caused the consequence. They then point out that our thoughts can shape how we deal with events, so the answer lays within our thoughts. They then ask to think of a helpful thought.
    I asked what I could possibly think that would make getting severely bullied, abused even, by not just my classmates, but a large portion of the school and even some teachers… what could make being constantly so terribly sick I can hardly get up most days and doctors don't even believe me (I now, 10 years later, know I have Crohn's Disease)… Having the school tell me they don't know how to help me, so I'll have to figure it out… I asked what thought could possibly help me through this.
    They said 'I'm still here, so I must be strong.' I said 'well true, but that's not changing anything.' Therapist: 'But you felt better, right? See? Your thought made your feeling better.' Me: 'And tomorrow I'll be getting kicked off my bike again, but sure.' Therapist: 'Now, that wouldn't be a helpful thought, now would it?'
    This is how schema therapy was offered to me multiple times. I felt discredited and completely abandoned. I was being physically and emotionally abused, and got told my thoughts about it were the real problem here…
    Schema therapy has therefore gotten to be part of my trauma triggers…
    The way schema therapy is explained in this video seems way different though. It even seems to touch on imaginative rescripting, which I'm doing now and am really positive about.
    I'm so confused…
    Kati help put this into context for me please… Was I lied to? Was the therapist confused? Am I confused? I don't get it anymore… 🙁

  31. I swear by this therapy style. I have BPD (and Bipolar type II) and I have been treated with schema therapy for about a year now. I started with high scores on all schema themes (the 18 themes) and am now down to very low on almost all of them. Schema therapy helped me understand not only my mental illness but create understanding towards myself and how I cope and conduct myself. I am on my way towards a steady recovery and do recommend schema therapy to anyone who is willing to dig deep and really get to the bottom of things. Find a therapist you can trust and go for it, recovery is possible!

  32. I think schema therapy might help with my childhood emotional neglect regarding feeling loss of attachment to my mother in early childhood. I have never been able to develop imtimate relationships with a sexual partner and have always been single. your comments would be appeciated

  33. Kati- could you please give me your opinion on MRT therapy? My therapist recommended it to me and I had my first group session last night. I'm a bit overwhelmed and not sure if I can commit to another "step" program. I'm already working a 12 step and have been for 5 years. One is free and another cost me money. I want an objective view and honest opinion from someone I trust. And that… is in fact… you! 😂 💕💯🤷🏼‍♀️

  34. My therapist suggest me to do schema therapy but i dont think i had a neglected childhood or traumatic experiences. I don't know why she suggested me

  35. Thinking that they could have named this something better. Saw your video mentioned on YouTube and figured it was about some sort of therapy that is actually a scheme.

  36. My question is: can emotional incest occur between siblings? I’ve recently come to the realization that my twin brother has been manipulating and abusing my love and trust. He’s been sleeping with multiple of my close friends then he’ll brag to me about it and I tell him it makes me uncomfortable and that I don’t want him sleeping with my friends, but since he knows I’ll always love him, there’s no real incentive for him to stop. Even though it really upsets me. I don’t want to end our relationship. But now we’re talking 7 of my best friends. And those relationships have all grown very distant because of this. It seems like the only option is to stop bringing my friends around and distance myself from him.

  37. First (group)therapy that's ever worked for me. It's so inclusive for all my problems (BPD, depression, anxiety, maladaptive dreaming, eating disorders, addictions, depersonalisation disorder, PTSD, and more). It tackles the core problems, the 'cause', ánd the present/current situation.
    If you feel like you have 'too much' for most therapies, ask your therapist about schema therapy. It might not be for you but it won't hurt to ask/try!

  38. Hi Kati, my problems are getting worse. I’m starving and cutting myself more. I don’t know what to do, the only person who knows is suggesting help. But i don’t want to get help, i like the way i’m living. Is that normal? I am only 13 so if i tell a teacher or a councillor the news will go straight to my parents. I don’t know what to do, please help.

  39. If we want to submit a question, like the lengthy one you answered in your cheating video, do we just post it in a comment or is there somewhere else you take questions to inspire video ideas?

  40. My psychologist specialised in bpd and we did schema therapy, it was incredible. I couldn't engage in therapy at all before we started it.

  41. This is very helpful can nail biting be considered a scema? I have biten my nails ever since I could remember and I have tried so many things to try and stop but it almost seems obsessive and I just can't quit. I just seen my therapist yesterday and I will bring it up however I just wanted to know your thoughts.
    Thank you.

  42. Kati, that was very well explained! I am doing schema therapy for a while now with my therapist to overcome my maladaptive behavior patterns and we are working with the inner child, the adult and the parent. You mentioned there are more modes. Could you maybe do a video where you go more into depth with these modes? Thank you so much

  43. Schema therapy followed by mindfulness based cognitive behavioral therapy helped me with my dysthymia aka chronic depression. My therapist recommended reading the self-help book based on the therapy first so that I could take more of an active role in my therapy. I believe the book is called Reinventing Your Life and it's author is the therapist who created the therapy Jefferey Young. In the book schemas are called lifetraps.

  44. Ive seen the term "schema therapy" around a bit recently and thought "I wonder what that is?" but never checked it out. Then you made this video! This sounds like something that could really be helpful for me (self dx bpd). I'm seeing an intern counselor at my uni and doing dbt group but I feel like it's barely scratching the surface. I think I'll try to bring up schema next time and see what happens. Thank you, Kati!

  45. Does Schema therapy for PTSD really help? I do not think my insurance pays for mental health like therapy. Is there some self-help book to read or is that counter productive to me?

  46. UMMM this is the video that I never knew I needed! Katie- how can i go about asking my therapist to help me with this?

  47. Wish I could do Schema therapy. I'm in the uk and services are limited. I was diagnosed bpd / eupd 2016 xx

  48. Schema therapy shows different modes contain different feelings and behaviors. One mode would contain anger and another mode would contain feelings of emptiness, and so on. The patient identify these modes in therapy and use specific cognitive strategies for each mode. The sluice for learning opens in high affective states so the patient becomes aware of the mode and use the cognitive strategies taught to them by the therapist to confront & deal with the affect associated with the specific mode. It allows the patient to identify the moment they are triggered and if they are feeling punitive, abandoned, angry, impulsive, detached and they use specific cognitive strategies to combat that mode.

  49. I have Complex PTSD and I’ve been seeing my therapist since November. She told me today that Schema therapy is the route she wants to go down. I dissociate a lot and I did today in session so I’m so glad to come across this video. You’ve been great in explaining everything. Thank you

  50. I have been in cbt for a few years with a great psychologist. We ddiscuss schema often. Automatic responses, maladaptive coping, etc. I have drastically changed the way I respond to situations. Thanks for the detailed look, Kati.

  51. Dear Kati. Would it be possible to make lists display on the screen? For example, when listing the three coping styles. Thank you and keep up the good work. 🙂

  52. Im an over compensator and I am diagnosed with an eating disorder and struggle with OCD like beahviors

    Also once i get out of Ph d training I will likely put together a therapy way using schema since it seems quite helpful! Im also excited to conduct studies and be able to help clients.

  53. @Kati Morton: Thank you for the great explanation. Would you recommend any paper or document in which the relationship between the 18 schemas and the 11 coping styles or the 10 modes are studied? For example, what are the modes and coping styles associated with the "negativity" schema?

  54. People can jump very quickly from one schema mode to another (even in minutes). This is often missed and leads to a bipolar 2 diagnosis in my experience.

  55. This is the kind of therapy I need. I'm anxious about therapy, in general, but I don't even know how to get it when I can't afford it. The only insurance I have is Medicaid, and most therapists don't take it, at least from what I've noticed when searching for someone in my area.

  56. Anyone know of a better video explaining this? This is shockingly wordy and long winded. Some visuals would also help

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