What To Do If Someone Has A Seizure – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

A seizure, also known as convulsion or fit can be caused by disruption to the electrical activity in the brain, which may lead to uncontrollable contractions in muscles and unresponsiveness. If a seizure occurs the most common causes is epilepsy but it can be caused by other things such as alcohol poisoning, a lack of oxygen, after a head injury, after taking certain drugs, or if someone with diabetes having a hypo where the blood glucose is too low. When someone is having a seizure you may find they have a sudden loss of responsiveness, rigid body with arching back, noisy and difficult breathing, convulsive, jerky uncontrolled movements. Saliva at the mouth which could be blood-stained if they’ve bitten their tongue or cheek. Possible loss of bladder or bowel control. Afterwards they may be confused, tired and fall into a deep sleep If you suspect someone is having a seizure it’s important to protect them from harming themselves during the fit. Clear away any potential dangerous objects like hot drinks or sharp objects. Don’t restrain or move them make a note of the time when seizures started and how long it lasts. Protect their head by placing something soft underneath or around it, like a towel and loosen any clothing around their neck. Once the seizure has stopped, open airway and check their breathing. If they’re breathing, put them into the recovery position If they stop breathing at any point, prepare to treat someone who is unresponsive and not breathing monitoring the level of response. Call 999 or 112 for emergency help if: it’s the person’s first seizure, the cause is unknown, they’re having repeated seizures, their seizure lasts more than five minutes they are unresponsive for more than 10 minutes, or they’ve sustained an injury. So remember, protect but don’t restrain them Call 999 or 112. And that’s how you help someone who’s having a seizure. If this video has been helpful to you help support St John Ambulance by going to sja.org.uk/donate


  1. Teachers in my science lesson put me in a recovery position on my side after i had a twitch after laughing at my teachers football boots then the school nurse helped me calm down then i had to do some stuff to keep my brain going…

  2. you said not to move them, but ive watched a few videos saying that you should turn them to the side to prevent them from choking on saliva. which is it? is it important to do that step, or can it just go undone??

  3. Just met someone who I work with closely with epilepsy! Very glad I watched this! Better to know than not!

  4. I have absence seizures. I was diagnosed at the age of 5 but have been seizure free since the age of thirteen and so was taken of meds which caused massive weight gain a hand tremor and memory loss. The point is meds are good up until a point an then it becomes a pill no pun intended. my triggers are flashing lights, specifically the transition from the out doors to inside a classroom getting too hot and recently sleep deprivation. my parents were told to treat me as a normal child and to see how fare I would develop and look at me now I have graduated high school with honors though I did hope for a regents diploma but after taking the algebra common core regent seven times starting out with a 40 and ending up with a 57 oh well. I start collage in July not august as you can infer I was not expected to do much of what I just mentioned
    The effects of my seizures is that i have Aspie like tendencies due to my epilepsy which i know is difficult to understand to put it in simple terms as a result of my seizures my brain compensated and rewired itself and so i have all of the symptoms of Aspergers but lack any sort of understanding math as a result i have no understanding of money and never really learned my basic math facts.(i am just learning them now in college which for most Aspergers people they are gifted with math abilities )i also have orthotic because due to my seizures that i had straight feet at birth
    After my father died, it seems I have had a relapse if that is possible. i still have my absence seizure but it is not enough to put me on meds . i have been getting driving lesson and have 10 -20 seizures in the drivers seat. i take omega 3 cod liver oil liquid form as i can not swallow pills this helps decrease the too -small -to -medicate -seizures i have very small seizures that show up on the EEG as misfired neurons and the Dr. called them "flurries" so here is what my flurries are typically like i will become very spacey i can not interact with my surroundings i also felt locked in to place.

  5. ‘Don’t move them’

    Is she dumb

    Is she actually dumb

    Yeah sure just leave him on his back. Don’t worry the worst that can happen is he can inhale his saliva and choke

    You fucking mug

  6. The general rule is to not move people, but if someone falls on a rough surface like tarmac it's a good idea to move any naked skin areas from the surface, like the feet and hands. Falling on a tiled or hardwood floor will hurt a few hours after, and cause some bruising, but the constant rubbing against an uneven surface absolutely shreds the skin, and stings like hell. Last time this happened to me I couldn't wear shoes for two days straight.

  7. this was very helpful because on friday om mother had a seizure and now i know what to do if i see someone have one thank you

  8. Thank you….my mom has a disease that can cause seizures. …this helps if I'm alone anxiety I have to help her myself

  9. In this situation we will put keys in their hand At least 3 min . After he will recover .. it's true .

  10. St John's videos are amazing, everyone should watch this, and their first aid playlists. Better safe than sorry

  11. wrong, the patient might suffocate in his own saliva if you leave him/her like that. as usual you Brits suffer from lack of knowledge when it comes to medicine.

  12. My son has epilepsy and seizures, and I'd like to know can anyone tell me what to do if he is eating at the time and has one? Also what do you do if you are in a car with him and he has one?

  13. So isn't it true that if you haven't been diagnosed at a young age or haven't been in a situation with brain damage I won't have one?? Because I have anxiety and I worry I might have one 🤣

  14. I have a friend who’s seizures seem mild, he has small jerks and eyes roll back, he might drop his bag if it’s in his hand. Also, he remains standing when they happen. Who do I do then?

  15. “If they’re breathing put them into recovery position”

    “If not, just leave them, it’s their problem now”

  16. One thing she got wrong: you move them on their side when the seizure begins so that way they don’t choke on their own vomit if they happen to vomit

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