What to have in your equine first aid kit and what to leave out

haven’t done this before. Come on down. And what you’re going to
do is, as I pull stuff out of this commercial
first aid kit– I just picked one that
we sell that seems to have a lot of stuff– you’re going to cross
it off the list here. Yes, you will need your glasses. OK. And look, one of the things
that I have on my list for a first aid kit– now that I’m of a certain age– is reading glasses. Because I couldn’t
read my thermometer. I couldn’t read the
bottles anymore. It’s about dewormer season. I couldn’t read the
weight and the dosing. So reading glasses
is on the list. So this is your piece of
paper, and this is your pen, and you give it back
to me at the end. And then I’m just going
to pull stuff out, and then what these
people are going to do– everyone has a job– what you guys are going to
do is tell me what it’s for. And if you have one– so let’s start out with,
who has a first aid kit? Hm, about– I would say
slightly more than half. So good for you, bad for
the other people– boo. Where did you get it? Where do you get yours? Or did you make it yourself? SPEAKER: I’m a medic,
and I made it myself. DR. LYDIA GRAY: OK. Who else? AUDIENCE: made it myself. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Made it
yourself, made it yourself. OK. The nice thing– I’m not
trying to sell you this. But the nice thing about this
is it has a lot of pockets. And so even if you
don’t like the stuff that I pull out of it, it’s
a way to keep it organized. And you need to go through
it, and learn what’s in there, and use it. And you might decide that I want
all of my bandaging stuff here, and I want all of my
little tools here– like hoof picks and
flashlights and thermometers and stethoscopes. That’s all what you’ll do. But you need to figure it out. So that’s what we’re
going to do today. You ready? SPEAKER: I’m ready. DR. LYDIA GRAY: OK. I’d better start at the
front, and work back. All right, this
is a fake pocket. You can put tall things in. Because it’s sewed here, and
so there’s these pockets here. So this would be good for
pens, markers, hemostats. What are some tall things? Hoof picks would fit here– things that would stick
out that you could grab. OK, so now we’re in
the middle pocket. We’ll do this one right here. So I reach in here– oh,
when you’re putting together a first aid kit
for horses, don’t forget that many times,
when the horse is injured, the human is injured. This clearly is not
a horse bandage. We all agree. OK, this is a human Band-Aid. So this kit has a
lot of human stuff. And this whole middle pocket
here is full of Band-Aids. This looks like– I don’t have my glasses on. It’s a soothing menthol gel. OK. So I’m in another pocket. What are these? AUDIENCE: Scissors. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
Specifically, what kind? Bandage scissors. Why are they bandage scissors? Because they’re not
sharp at the ends. They have this flat surface
where you can reach up under bandages and cut. These need to be
in everybody’s kit. I’m going to lay stuff
out here, and then– SPEAKER: Yeah, good idea. DR. LYDIA GRAY: OK, so
here’s some thin tape. I like to have
about three, four, five different kinds of tapes. I learned from the
video person at SmartPak there is something
called “gaffer’s tape.” AUDIENCE: Gabber? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Gaffer. AUDIENCE: Gaffer. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
Gaffer, with an F. AUDIENCE: G-A-F-F-E-R? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Correct. You win the spelling bee. And it’s a kind of a duct
tape, but it’s cloth, and it tears perfectly. And so I’m going to add
that to my first aid kit. AUDIENCE: And it’s
really sticky. I think I have some– DR. LYDIA GRAY: Is
it really sticky? AUDIENCE: — that I never use. DR. LYDIA GRAY: OK. So, tweezers. I actually don’t
know what that is. Oh, it’s got a sharp
thing, so it’s a cutter. This is actually a
good thing to have. There was a couple of them. Lets see what else is in here. This is really fun, you guys. Oh, safety pins. I maybe wouldn’t have thought
of that for a first aid kit, but that’s– AUDIENCE: What would
you use them for? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Maybe
putting a bandage together. If you had– if you were using
a pillow wrap and a standing bandage, that sort of thing. OK, let’s see
what’s in this one. More human– oh, there’s
aspirin, and ibuprofen, and those kind of things. All right, so let’s go
into the horse part. This looks like
surgical sponges. This is multi-trauma dressing. So one note that I have
on my list of things not to forget to say is,
only have in your first aid kit what you know how to use. If you don’t know how to
use it or what it’s for, then don’t have it in there. So a lot of people– one
of the first questions I get asked about building a
first aid kit is, all great, but what drugs should
I have in there? And I always say, well, what
drugs do you know how to use? If you’ve not given
an IV shot, if you don’t know how to give
intravenous medication, then you have no business
having it in here. So if that’s not a
comfort zone for you, then I recommend your first
aid kit have pastes of Banamine and Bute and whatever
prescription medications your veterinarian has
talked you through and has told you how to use. Do you have a question? AUDIENCE: Yeah. In my first aid kit,
I have everything to administer the
medicine, but I do not have the medicine itself. I keep the medicine
itself separately to control temperatures. I don’t know what your
thoughts are on that. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Of
course I have thoughts. I have opinions on everything. Did you guys hear what she said? She said she has–
in her first aid kit, she keeps the
syringes and needles to be able to administer
the medication, but the medication itself
is stored somewhere else to control the temperature. I will say, if you’re
going to have medication, read the label for what
temperature it needs stored at. You will be surprised. Hardly any of them say
“store in the fridge,” which is what everyone does. But I don’t know any of
them that really say that. Maybe if you mix up an
antibiotic, and for a few days it needs in the fridge. But most of them don’t. They just need room
temperature, controlled, not variance of heat and cold. So make sure you’re storing
it in the right place. AUDIENCE: I keep it in a cooler. I keep all my medicines– DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yeah a cooler– Yep, a cooler is a great idea. OK, this looks like a– AUDIENCE: Sterile prep. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Sterile prep– I’m not sure what
you mean by that. But what you would
lay out before would do a surgery or something,
just to keep the area clean. Yeah, yeah. This is 4″ by 4″
cotton gauze pads. These are great for
cleaning with solution. These are great for padding
if there’s bleeding. So I like those. AUDIENCE: Those are not
necessarily sterile. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
Correct, correct. Oh– [CHUCKLING] –so my horse just
had a wound recently. And I asked my barn owner,
who is a nurse anesthetist– if you have an option
of having a barn owner who is a
nurse anesthetist, I highly recommend it. She has access to a lot of stuff
and she knows a lot of stuff. I’m going to rip
this a little bit, because I want to show you this. And I ask her– do you have brown
roll cotton gauze? AUDIENCE: What? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Brown
roll cotton gauze. And that’s what
she said– “what?” Because that’s not
something that I guess they use in human medicine. But I can’t live
without this for horses. This stuff is amazing. What I’m doing right now
is I’m using a nonstick– AUDIENCE: It’s not sticky. DR. LYDIA GRAY: No, no. So he’s got this injury in
the front of his fetlock. And I’ve got a
non-stick Telfa pad. And then I wrap in a figure
eight around the fetlock. And then I put my bandage on. But it just holds the
dressing to the wound. I don’t know how you
live without this stuff. This stuff’s amazing. Oh– these are gloves
to keep you clean. Sorry. AUDIENCE: Do you
tape it to hold it? DR. LYDIA GRAY: After this– we’ll see if it’s in here– I have a little bit of Elastikon
on it, and then some Vetrap and then I put a polo. My bandage has changed
as it’s been healing. It was a big standing
bandage at first, and now it’s more
of an exercise wrap. And then I’m going to move– Saturday, tomorrow,
when I go home, I’m going to take it
down the next step. So you’ll remember where all
of these things go, right? SPEAKER: Absolutely. All of this is
trauma-related, so it would be in the trauma pouch. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
Excellent, all right. This has tongue
depressors, long Q-tips. Oh– and iodine. Oops. Whoops. You didn’t see that. I’m not going to open it, but
it’s an iodine swab stick. So it’s a Q-tip like this– voila– with iodine
already on it. These are super-handy. What I’m hoping is in
here is a little brush with iodine scrub in it. Because when it comes
time to clean a wound, you don’t want to
have to fuss and fool with getting saline,
or water, or whatever, and getting a sponge,
and getting an iodine, if you can just rip open the bag
and there it is, that’s sweet. Oh, and I bet these
are the nonstick– non-stick Telfa,
apparently, is a brand. These are “non-adherent pads.” I’m not supposed to use
brand names, apparently. So– oh, I don’t even know where
that came from, another cutter. Oh, this is getting exciting. What is this? AUDIENCE: Sharps container. DR. LYDIA GRAY: A
sharps container. The rules for what to do with
sharps– what is a sharp, by the way? AUDIENCE: A needle. DR. LYDIA GRAY: A needle, a
scalpel blade, something sharp. So the rules for how
to dispose of these will vary, not only from state
to state but county to county and probably municipality
to municipality. So find those out. Ask your veterinarian. They might do you a favor and
take yours and dispose of it if it’s very small like this. And also, each
jurisdiction will tell you, if you don’t have one of
these, what you can use as it. Because you can’t use– this is a really thick plastic,
and when you close it for good, it’s closed for good. You can’t open it
unless you break it. And so some things, they’re
not thick enough plastic. Needles can go through them. And also, you can’t close them. So they’re a little picky. So this is roll cotton. Roll cotton has
a number of uses. What are some? Well, I tear it and use
it for sheath cleaning. That’s not only a
first aid thing. But I keep it in my kit. It’s good to wrap around
a leg for padding. And there’s tons more uses. Oh, and there’s two– yeah, so that’s cool. This is like the
middle-high kit. There’s some kits that
are very, very small. They just have the basics. And then I think
there’s a bigger one than this, even, which
I couldn’t carry that one. So that’s why you got this one. But the other kits probably
wouldn’t have two sizes. They would just
have the one size. That’s the difference. Ooh, this is heavy. This must be Epsom salts. OK, so this we use
to soak things. And I had a container like
this in my first aid kit, and I never used it. So I took it home, and
I put it in my own bath because it felt– I did one of these things, and
I just got really muscle-sore. So I thought, ah, I’ll use it. This is blood stop powder. That’s a lot of it. Oh my goodness. So what I would do
is I would use it by taking one of the Q-tips,
and using it that way. If you need more, I
guess you use more. But that’s a lot. AUDIENCE: Is that
safe on any wound? DR. LYDIA GRAY: You know, this
is something I would probably talk to my vet before using. What would be fun is to get one
of these kits, or even the one you made yourself, and then have
your vet out, and say, “Can we go through this and
make sure I know how to use all these things? Do you want me to have
this in my kit, even? Do you want me to use this?” I think it would be super-fun. Yes. AUDIENCE: Could you
use hemostatic gauze in lieu of that powder? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Say it louder. AUDIENCE: Hemostatic gauze
instead of that powder? AUDIENCE: Can you
repeat the question? DR. LYDIA GRAY: He asked,
can you use hemostatic gauze? You can use gauze, and press
on it, and put a pressure wrap. You’re probably
more familiar with– I’m not familiar with
a product called– SPEAKER: It’s a
combat blood-stopper. So for big bleeds,
you put it on there. DR. LYDIA GRAY: I guess if you
have access to such a thing. But again, I would
ask my veterinarian if that’s appropriate. Let’s talk about ointments–
one of my favorite topics. The veterinary
community– I don’t know about the human side of
it, but the veterinary community has gotten away from
ointments because most of them do more harm than good. They’re something that
people love to do, because horses get a wound, and
people love to monkey with it and treat it. And you’re really– leaving
it alone is the best thing. Because the healing process
is very complicated. There’s different stages. And some ointments
assist one stage, but they actually
deter another stage. And you know, God love it,
Corona has been around forever. It’s tradition. It’s in every horse barn. But it may not be
the best thing. So I’m going to put
this on this side. Probably if you just have– I’m sure there’s some in here– good old triple
antibiotic ointment. Everybody go out and make
sure you have some of this. And the nice thing about
these is they have– it comes in a little container. And so once you
open it and use it, it gets pretty contaminated. Throw it away. Get a new one. Things don’t have to be sterile,
but they need to be clean. So if you use this– and I’m pretty good about
the way I use stuff. Like, I don’t swipe my
dirty finger on this. I’ll apply it to
something and use it. It’s still going to get
contaminated, so pitch it. All right, but that we’ll keep. Oh– AUDIENCE: Good old thermometer. DR. LYDIA GRAY: A
thermometer– very good. This is a digital thermometer. The thing you’ll
want to make sure is that it has batteries,
and that over time, that the batteries still work. If you use what I prefer,
the old-fashioned glass thermometer with mercury,
they don’t have batteries. But the mercury– I have a bunch of them. Because I went one day to my kit
to use it, and I pulled it out, and it said like 200 degrees. And I’m like, no problem. And I shook it down,
and it said 200 degrees. Well, something had happened. I probably put it on
the dash of my truck. Because that’s where
everything goes to die. So I pitched that one. And I pitched it appropriately,
because it has mercury in it. But the reason I like
glass thermometers is I can insert them,
clip to the tail so it doesn’t get pushed
out into the stall, and then you go walk
around and do other things. You’ve got heart
rate to check, you’ve got respiratory rate
to check, mucous membranes, gut sounds,
digital pulses. My goodness, you need to
three minutes for that thing to cook in there. And then, bing, it’s done,
take it out, stick a fork in, and you get your temperature. And the glass
thermometers have been shown through
research studies to be more accurate than the digital. AUDIENCE: Really, huh? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yeah. The digital thermometers
tend to run a little bit low. But that said, they’re
like weight tapes that are also not
completely accurate, except to measure trends. So if you always use a digital
thermometer and your horse is always 100 degrees, and
then you use it and he’s 102, that’s accurate and
significant for your purposes. AUDIENCE: You have to
know your baseline. DR. LYDIA GRAY: You have
to know your baseline. So I’m not saying
don’t use them. They’re good. All right, so here’s some
heavier duty-er scissors. Heavier duty-er? SPEAKER: Heavier duty-er. DR. LYDIA GRAY: This
is not going back well. So these are nice industrial
strength scissors. Oh, this looks
like a flashlight– that I broke. Again, for the
flashlights, should always be in the first aid kit. Make sure they have batteries. SPEAKER: Headlamp is better. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Ooh, headlamps. That’s an awesome idea. But the other thing
I was going to say– let me borrow your pen so I
can cross it off my list– is when you get your kit,
and you’re sitting down, and you’re playing
with it, and you’re like, “ooh, look at this,
ooh, look at this,” if there’s something in here like the
flashlight that you go, hm, I’m not a big flashlight user,
I’d rather have a headlamp, then replace it. Put it in there. Customize your own bag. Like that’s a pretty
wonky hoof pick. I would never use that. It doesn’t fit in my hands. So I would probably
take out all these– there’s three of them in here
because if you lose them. SPEAKER: For when you
break the first one. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Oh. I’d probably take these out and
put in some real hoof picks. AUDIENCE: Because you use
it once and it breaks. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Sorry? AUDIENCE: I said,
why is there three, and she said, because you
use it once and it breaks. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yeah, exactly. [LAUGHTER] I told you I don’t
care for those. Oh, she got tired. OK. But you can see it– So there’s some
liniment in there. This is just not
going back well, so I’m going to
just sit it wherever and put it back when I can. There’s some iodine. Be careful when you use this. You don’t use iodine straight. Bad things happen
when you do that. Especially don’t use
tincture of iodine straight. Really bad things
happen when you do that. This must be diluted. And they tell you dilute it
to make it look like weak tea. And you can use water or saline. Weak tea– you gave
me a look like you never heard of weak tea. [CHUCKLING] Weak tea? Yeah. This is hydrogen peroxide. I am not a fan of this. I was trained not
to use this, that it does more harm than good. And I think I stood
up at some point and said not to do
more harm than good. So I’m going to put
this back here, too. I’m not a fan. One thing it does is it tends
to drive bacteria farther into the tissues. That’s not what we want. As it bubbles and carries
on, that bubbling and foaming makes you feel like you’re
really doing something, but you’re doing
the wrong thing. So I’d probably get rid of that. Oh my goodness. This is isopropyl alcohol. Pro tip– great to
have, but you know how one of the things that
makes us feel like we’re really being medical is, when we give
a shot, we wipe with alcohol? You’ll notice a lot
of veterinarians don’t wipe with alcohol. That’s because we know
that in order for alcohol to do its job, it is
not the wet wipe that does the sterilization. I love that you nod
when I say things. That’s so awesome. It’s the drying. So if you’re going to
use an alcohol wipe. That’s fine. There’s probably little
cotton balls in here. But you have to
wait till it dries. Now you have cleaned and
disinfected the surface. The wetting is not
the important part. And in fact, if you wet
and then go right in, you have solubilized
the dirt on the surface, and you’re taking it in. And the little
bacteria are like, yay, because they needed that
little kick to get in. And you just helped them. So I’m going to
leave it in here, but we’re going to bring
to use some caution. So this is wound coat. It is blue lotion. It says right here. You know, there’s a time
and a place for everything. I’m going to go
to Farm and Fleet when I go home, because the
stage of my horse’s wound is at the Wonder Dust stage. And I’m going to
get some of that. So you really need– like here,
you all know what this is. Can you read? AUDIENCE: Can’t
read it from here. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yes you can. AUDIENCE: Oh, SWAT. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yeah. You should know it by
the color and the shape. Yeah. And let’s see what color it is? Oh, it’s not open. But I can see through it. It’s hot pink. It’s like your coat. AUDIENCE: Your coat. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yep, your coat. And why do we like SWAT? AUDIENCE: It keeps
the bugs away. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Because
it keeps the bugs away. So there is a need for this. And the way I use SWAT is,
I don’t put it in the wound, I put it around– yeah, she’s got it– around the wound. So we’ll keep that. OK, so that’s all that. How we doing so far? Oh, this is my favorite one. We talked about this earlier. What is this? AUDIENCE: That’s
the stuff I have. AUDIENCE: Elastikon. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
Somebody said it– Elastikon. So this is a– what is that? Is that 2 inches? Inch and a half. OK, but it’s sticky. AUDIENCE: Elastikon? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Elastikon, yeah. And so I was telling
you I put the– what’s it called–
non-adherent pad on the wound, and then I did the
brown roll gauze in a really fancy figure eight. And then I take this– and I don’t pull, because you
never want to pull on the leg– I pull it out, and
then I lay it around, and then I take my
scissors and I cut it. Yeah, this is good stuff. Whoever invented
this, I hope they’ve made millions and
millions of dollars. And then we’ll get out
some pretty color– oh, it’s a big one. Yeah, and it
probably has a name. It’s cohesive flexible bandage. Because Vetrap would be a brand. So it comes in amazing colors. I didn’t know this. It comes in a 6-inch size. What? That’s crazy. I did not know that. What’s that? AUDIENCE: If you get the
human kind, you can get it– DR. LYDIA GRAY: You know,
I’ve seen the little ones. I got a product to try. It is cohesive flexible bandage. But it is impregnated
with something– Chew Stop. So the first week I had
the bandage, apparently the wound was very itchy. And he was picking his
foot up and chewing on it. I’m like, “What are you, a dog?” So I wrapped it all like
I wanted to wrap it, and then I took my Chew Stop
and I put it over the top of it. And he was like, ooh, suddenly
I have other better things to chew on than my leg. So, great. All right, this is a
survival rescue blanket. Wow. So that’s like that reflective–
it reflects your own heat back? AUDIENCE: Yeah. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Huh. AUDIENCE: That’s
for people, right? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Well,
I will tell you, when a horse has a trauma– and I don’t mean a little
wound like my horse has, I mean a trauma– the loss of body heat
can be significant. And I tell people, go to
the barn, get a blanket, and lay it on them
if they’re down. But this might– I don’t know how big this is. I don’t have my reading glasses. But this could be big
enough to lay on the horse and retain some heat. Because you don’t want
them to go into shock. Because once that
happens, boy that’s difficult to get back from that. Ooh, here’s the iodine scrub
that I was telling you about. So I’m not going to do it,
but you just peel this off and you have this scrub brush,
like on “Gray’s Anatomy,” that you can– one side is a sponge, and one
side is little fingers that– so this thing is awesome. I hope there’s more than one. Yeah, there’s so one,
two, three, four– yeah, four. Note to self– when
you use something, like you use one of
these, replace it. And don’t tell
your friends where your kit is, because they will
use things and not replace it. And then you go to use it– AUDIENCE: And you don’t have it. DR. LYDIA GRAY: –and
there’s no hoof picks. And you’re like, there used to
be three stupid, red plastic hoof picks in here. Who used all my hoof picks? Triangular bandages– I’m
assuming that’s a human thing. AUDIENCE: Yeah, that’s
probably the most– DR. LYDIA GRAY: Are
those the slingy things? AUDIENCE: Yeah. Or it could be a
pressure bandage. You could make a very
easy pressure bandage. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Oh,
like a neck tourniquet? AUDIENCE: Yeah, exactly. AUDIENCE: You gotta make
sure you have a stick on it to tighten it really good. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Sunscreen. AUDIENCE: Do you represent the
company, and you’re the vet? Is that how this– DR. LYDIA GRAY: I’m a vet
that represents SmartPak. She is a volunteer that is
just crossing off things. That list– can you
hold that list up? That’s a list I made. It’s an article on
our SmartPak website that has a list of things
that I think should be in your first aid kit. She’s just making sure
that they’re all in here. If there’s stuff on
there, when I get done, that is not on that list, then
we’re going to read it off. Because I may not
agree with everything. AUDIENCE: Is that available
to the public on the website? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yes, that is
an article on our website. Can you flip it back
to the first page and show them what it’s called. It’s called– here,
let me see it, and I’ll read it because
I have a microphone. Equine 9-1-1. Here, let me see it. AUDIENCE: Let her see it. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Equine
9-1-1, When to Call the Vet and When to Treat it Yourself. AUDIENCE: OK. DR. LYDIA GRAY: It’s
an excellent article. AUDIENCE: OK. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Sunscreen– more human stuff. There’s bug repellent in here. Cleansing towelettes. So this one is a
little bit of a mixture of human and animal stuff. And then there’s two
empty pockets on the back. So we’ve been
through everything. What’s on my list? You may have to come back up so
I can read on the microphone. Oh look it, you have the sign. OK. Oh, phone numbers, contact info. SPEAKER: Do you want my glasses? DR. LYDIA GRAY: No, I’m going
to hold it really far away, then I can read it. Saline. You can use– you can dilute
in water to clean most things. But saline is friendlier
to the exposed tissues. Its pH balance is
the right osmolality. Look that up. So that’s good. Cling wrap– oh
that’s the Vetrap. Tape– there was only
one little tape in here. And I’m telling you, for
horses, I’m not impressed. So even if you buy
this big one, you’re going to have to go and get
yourself some bigger tape. Get the 1-inch wide tape,
get some duct tape– tape, tape, tape. You’ll always need tape. Don’t ask me why you need tape. You know why you need tape. AUDIENCE: I need
separate boxes for legs. I have a first aid kit, but the
Epsom salts and the duct tape– I have certain things for feet. I have a separate container
for feet and legs. DR. LYDIA GRAY:
What’s not in here– probably because of
state regulations, it differs from every state–
but syringes and needles. What are some sizes of syringes
that you all like to have? AUDIENCE: 12. DR. LYDIA GRAY: 12. AUDIENCE: 28. AUDIENCE: 3. DR. LYDIA GRAY: 28,
they don’t make– AUDIENCE: Some bigger
ones for wounds. DR. LYDIA GRAY: They
make a 30 and a 35. I like a 60 for
giving stuff by mouth. I like 3’s for a lot
of the sedatives. You only need to
give a mil or two. 6’s are good. I like them all. There’s not a syringe
size I don’t like. What about needle sizes? What do you like? AUDIENCE: 20. DR. LYDIA GRAY: She likes 20. Do I hear an 18? 18. Say it again. AUDIENCE: It depends what
you’re doing with it. DR. LYDIA GRAY: It does. Because some things like
penicillin, oy yoy yoy. It’s thick, you got to
shake well before use. And if you use a 20, you’ll
be there till Christmas. So you want to use
a bigger gauge. You know that the
higher the number, the smaller the diameter
of the needle, right? All right. But again, don’t have
any syringes and needles if you don’t know
what they’re for. AUDIENCE: Do you have
a preference on length? DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yes, I do. She asked, do I have a
preference on length? I like inch and a halfs. Horses are really big animals. And if you’re giving–
especially like penicillin, you want to make sure you
are deep in the muscle. They’re not a species you can
give a subcutaneous injection to, like a dog or a cat, that
you can pick up and inject just in that loose tissue. You cannot do that to horses
unless you don’t like that skin. Because it will slough off. You have to get
deep in the muscle. And like with the veins– I like inch and a half because
I want to get deep in the vein. I don’t want to risk
being around the vein. That’s really bad. So let me see what
else is on the list. I have towels. To me, for a horse kit, there
is not enough padding in this. The only padding
they had was this. They had this trauma dressing. And then they had this. That is not nearly enough
padding for horses. So you need to have–
like this lady– a separate box with a lot more
cotton, some pillow wraps, diapers, maxi pads. And when something
is bleeding, you just start piling on this
stuff, and wrap it. And you don’t take
it off to look. And you don’t take it
off because it stopped. If it needs– and if
it’s bleeding through, like my horse’s wound did,
you just put more stuff on. So you need a lot more–
like 10 times more than this. Because the point
is– of this– you don’t want to be
looking for stuff when there’s an emergency. I like to have a
stethoscope in mine. And just get a cheap one. You can hear– it just
augments what you can hear. I’m really bad at palpating
an artery for a pulse or heart rate. I can’t tell you how
bad I am at that. So I like a stethoscope for
the heart rate and for the gut sounds. So toss one in there. Clippers– because
Clippers now come in these little tiny ones
that are battery operated and don’t need cords. It means you got to keep it
charged or keep batteries in. But oh boy, that’s
handy to open up a– let you see things better
and get the hair away. By the way, don’t put
anything on a wound before the vet gets there. And don’t feel like, “Oh, I
don’t want to bother the vet. I’m embarrassed to ask
them for their opinion on this little wound.” Sometimes the littlest
wounds are the worst– most severe. I had a wound on my horse. I be a vet. I had another vet come
out for a second opinion. I’m like, this is what
I think is going on. Do you agree? This is how I’m
going to treat it. Are we all on the same page? And every week, I give
them a picture of it– what would you use now? How am I doing? Do I still need to wrap? So I’m not afraid to
ask a vet for help. So you all shouldn’t be, either. Because assessing the
wound when it happens is the most important part of
getting the right treatment. Because if it’s
a puncture wound, if it is in the joint
capsule, oh, those are icky. Poultice– I like having
a poultice– and liniments in here. I’ve got Icthammol, my ointment;
brown paper for that poultice; cling wrap for a
sweat or poultice. Electrolytes– I think
electrolytes are in here. I just didn’t do a good
job of finding them. Fly repellent, heat and cold
packs, a horse blanket, a pill crusher. Yeah, that’s everything. So is there something– we
have a couple minutes left. Is there something that’s in
your kit that is not in my kit? AUDIENCE: Garbage bags. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Garbage bag. Ooh, I like that, yeah. AUDIENCE: I have
the long gloves. DR. LYDIA GRAY: The long gloves. This one only had
the short gloves. Long gloves are a good idea. OK. And lube– good. AUDIENCE: I like to have
a small bucket designated for this stuff. DR. LYDIA GRAY: A bucket, yeah. How do you keep it– AUDIENCE: I have a
collapsible one, actually. DR. LYDIA GRAY: A
collapsible bucket. Wow, that’s awesome. Anybody else have anything
they want to share? Yes. AUDIENCE: You can
use a water bottle if you don’t have
a sharps container. If you need to get rid of your
sharps so they don’t puncture. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Yeah, because
it’s a nice, thick, closeable– And what did you have? AUDIENCE: Pen and paper. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Pen and paper. Yeah, that’s on my list
somewhere– pen and paper. Reading glasses, pen
and paper, contact info. Yeah. AUDIENCE: What do you
think about like Banamine or something like that. DR. LYDIA GRAY: We
talked early on that– only have medication
that you know how to use and your vet has given you. So that’s up to you. For some people, it’s
not Banamine, some, it’s Banamine paste, and some,
it’s the Banamine injectable. Yes. AUDIENCE: Banamine, injectable,
my vet told me once, if it’s clear, then it’s still
good no matter how old it is. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Her vet said
if it’s clear, that it’s good no matter how old it is. I’m going to tell you–
because I’m being videotaped, and also because I believe it– read the bottle. And when it’s
expired, throw it out. Throw it out appropriately. There are ways to
dispose of medication. I would just call
my vet and say, “I’ve got an expired
bottle of whatever. Can you take it from me?” And they’ll dispose
of it properly. I saw another hand up here. AUDIENCE: So make sure
you have something with a stopwatch. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Ooh,
a stopwatch, yeah. Because you’re going to
be checking heart rate, and respiratory rate, and– gut sounds. So yeah, you need a stopwatch. AUDIENCE: A little
medic trick we use is just take a
strip of– it could be duct tape, 2-inch
tape– put in on your leg so when you are taking
vitals or anything, you can just write it
right there at the time. DR. LYDIA GRAY: Did
everybody hear that? That’s a really good idea. I saw a hand up over here. Last question, by the way. AUDIENCE: I do keep multiple
of the small disposable hoof picks for when you have White
Line or a fungus in the foot. DR. LYDIA GRAY: So we’re
saying, these are icky, don’t throw them away. But also put better ones in. OK, we have to go. Thank you so much. You guys were great. I guess I will clean
up this mess myself. [LAUGHTER AND APPLAUSE]


  1. Great video as always! XD
    I keep my safety pins in an empty Altoids can. It doesn't pop open, it holds quite a few of even the big ones, and it smells good. I keep my q-tips in those too.
    I prefer peppermint oil to triple antibiotic ointment. It soaks in, doesn't make a mess, and is anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal. And unlike Iodine, it doesn't need diluted. Insects don't care for the smell, so they'll stay away.
    Co-ban (the vetrap) is great, but something a lot of people don't know, is it tightens as you move. That's why your arm feels funny after you have blood drawn. Don't use directly on hair. Put a cloth or something underneath, or it will pull.
    Mane bands would also be a good thing to keep in there, in case you need to work under the mane or feathering (in drafts).
    Something I keep in all of my first-aid kits is Comfrey Root Oil. This recipe has been in my family for generations, and it works wonders.
    1 qt extra virgin olive oil (first press is preferable, but not necessary)
    1/4 teaspoon comfrey root powder
    Glass jar (do not use plastic! It will ruin it!)
    Pour oil in jar and add powder. Shake well daily for 4 weeks, weekly thereafter. Keep out of sun and extreme temp. Can be used after the 4th week. Solution only gets stronger the longer it steeps. (Mine has been going since 2014) Apply a drop or 2 to whatever the injury is (works on anything that is not a heat burn, including broken bones) and cover. The reason you don't want it on burns is because it's an oil base. Can be used on adults, children, and animals, so long as you keep them from eating/licking it. (If ingested, it will give them a stomach ache, severity depends on amount ingested.)
    I gave some to my father in law for his knee replacements and he was up and moving freely in 2 weeks. My Min Pin tangled with the cat and her scratches were gone in a couple days. Etc…
    Feel free to share the recipe, but DO NOT SELL it!! Go ahead and sell what you have made, but keep the RECIPE free.

    For trail ride kits, I keep peppermint, comfrey root oil, human band aids, gauze pads, medical tape, 3 bandanas, gloves, kid scissors, tweezers, safety pins, q-tips, and a pocket knife. Properly packed, all this will fit in a fanny pack. It's enough to get you back home for better treatment.

  2. I got stepped on my horse today. I bought a bandaid pack earlier today. That wasn’t really gonna help. I was not prepared..

  3. Great video!
    Education is huge in the equine world and not enough professionals or companies are willing to step up and help teach! I look forward to helping educate on my page as well. Again great information!

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